Changing Patterns Of Industrial Relationships In The Responsive And Justice Era Of The Industrial Revolution 4.0


  • Agatha Jumiati Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Universitas Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Waluyo Slamet Pradoto Lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Universitas Slamet Riyadi, Surakarta, Indonesia



Industrial Relations Patterns, Industrial Revolution 4.0, Responsive Law and Justice


The Industrial Revolution 4.0 in the industrial sector has brought changes, one of which is a change concerning
the pattern of industrial relations between workers and employers. The pattern of industrial relations before the
Industrial Revolution 4.0 was a pattern of relationships based on work agreements. While the pattern of industrial
relations after the Industrial Revolution 4.0 underwent a change where the pattern of industrial relations created
was based on partnership relations. The pattern of industrial relations based on partnership relations creates an
equal or equal relationship and not a multilevel relationship. From the perspective of responsive law, it views the
law as an inseparable part of the social world that surrounds it so that the law is not only truly functional and
useful in serving the community but is also able to respond to the aspirations and social needs to be served. In a
responsive legal order, law is a social institution. Therefore, law is not only seen as a mere regulatory system, but
also how the law carries out social functions in and for society. From the perspective of the Theory of Justice
presented by John Rawls, it can be concluded that the changing pattern of industrial relations in the Industrial
Revolution 4.0 era is in line with the basic principles of justice, namely the principle of freedom and the principle
of distribution of income or wealth. This can be reflected in the freedom to draw up work agreements to be made
between workers and employers. Besides, the opportunity or opportunity for workers to be able to work in more
than one company will encourage unequal distribution of income or wealth. For Rawls' theory, everyone has the
same right to be rich, not the right to have the same wealth.


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How to Cite

Jumiati, A. ., & Slamet Pradoto, W. . (2022). Changing Patterns Of Industrial Relationships In The Responsive And Justice Era Of The Industrial Revolution 4.0. International Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences (IJERSC), 3(4), 1341–1347.