Analysis Of Community Participating Factors In Development Planning Applying The Participatory Rural Appraisal Method
Keywords:Community participation, development planning and Medan.
To achieve development success in the Medan Tuntungan District, it is important to give space for
community involvement. Participation of the community is the most crucial aspect in determining the
success of development. The Medan Tuntungan District consists of nine villages and is one of the city's
districts. In the Medan Tuntungan District of Medan City, the compilation of development planning
documents is conducted utilizing a participatory method, whereby the local government prepares
development program plans that the community deems essential for enhancing their well-being.
Through the activities of the Development Planning Meeting, the participatory method is implemented
by incorporating all parts of society and stakeholders in development planning. The purpose of this
research are: (1) To assess and determine the amount of community engagement in development
planning in the Medan Tuntungan District, Medan City, in terms of non-participation, tokenism, and
citizen power characteristics. (2) to examine the elements that encourage and discourage community
engagement in development planning in the Medan Tuntungan District of Medan City. This study
employs a quantitative model using the participatory rural appraisal method and factor analysis inside
the SPSS software. (1) Community participation in development planning is influenced by indicators of
consultation, delegated power, and citizen control; (2) in the process of participation, the community
has supporting factors such as opportunity, ability, and ability, while inhibiting factors include
individual characteristics and demographic conditions.
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