Exploring Multicultural Education: A Case Study of Singkawang


  • Sri Buwono Social Studies Education, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
  • Carla Queiroz Business and Administration Department, Economics and Business Faculty, Academia BAI, Luanda, Angola
  • Venny Karolina Social Studies Education, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
  • Toby Xaixanith Faculty of Education, National University of Laos, Laos




This article investigates multicultural education in Singkawang, Indonesia, where
diverse ethnicities coexist. Rapid social changes often trigger ethnic migration, leading
to a convergence of cultures. Ethnocentrism can impede inter-ethnic communication,
fostering stereotypes and ethnic conflicts. Multicultural education, emphasizing
democratic, humanistic, and pluralistic values, is proposed to address these issues.
Singkawang, recognized for its ethnic diversity, serves as a unique case study. The
research method involves qualitative analysis with interviews from students, teachers,
and parents from various ethnic backgrounds. Findings revealed the city's friendly
atmosphere, preserved harmony, and respectful behavior, especially among students.
"Ngopi bareng" (coffee gathering) is identified as a key practice among adult locals
stated by parents of students in maintaining multiculturalism. Schools also actively
promote tolerance through democratic practices, curriculum diversity, and inclusive
instructional strategies. The article concludes that multicultural education is vital in
fostering acceptance, understanding, and appreciation of diversity, emphasizing the
dynamic nature of this approach in shaping open-minded individuals in a diverse
society. Further research is recommended to explore this topic's nuances.


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How to Cite

Buwono, S., Queiroz, C. ., Karolina, V., & Xaixanith, T. (2023). Exploring Multicultural Education: A Case Study of Singkawang. International Journal of Educational Research and Social Sciences (IJERSC), 4(6), 1051–1058. https://doi.org/10.51601/ijersc.v4i6.747