https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/issue/feed International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences 2022-09-01T01:33:59+00:00 Dr. Arman Harahap, M.Si armanhrp82@yahoo.co.id Open Journal Systems <p><strong>International Journal of Educational Research &amp; Social Sciences (IJSERSC)</strong> is to provide a research medium and an important reference for the advancement and dissemination of research results that support high-level research in the fields of Educational Research and Social Sciences. Original theoretical work and application-based studies, which contributes to a better understanding all fields of Education Research and Social Sciences.</p> <p><strong>Journal IJERSC published six times a year in February, April, June, August, October and December.</strong></p> https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/423 Tyler’s Goal-Oriented Approach For The Evaluation Of Leadership Training Implementation 2022-07-24T14:32:29+00:00 Susi Susilawati Harahap susi.harahap@klinikjurnal.com Moch. Asmawi asmawi.moch@yahoo.co.id Wibowo Wibowo pps@moestopo.ac.id <p>The objective of this study is to evaluate a leadership training program by Tyler’s <br />goal-oriented theory. Tyler’s evaluation is a process to decide whether <br />realization the goal or not. This study was conducted to implement leadership <br />training at Level III (for echelon III or administrator) of government employees <br />held by the human resources development agency of Jakarta in 2005-2008. The <br />data was analyzed by using qualitative analyses. The results found that <br />implementation of leadership training at Level III organized by the Human <br />Resource Development Agency (BPSDM) runs effectively based on its stipulation <br />in Perla No.19/2015. The improvement of visionary leadership competence found <br />that almost all participants who become the sample of this study do project<br />change evaluation with the middle period milestone. Tyler’s approach matches <br />leadership-training implementation. Due to applying this approach, the strengths <br />and weaknesses could be seen, starting from the participants, interviewees, <br />curriculum, and evaluation.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/410 Sustainability Of Ngaben Culture In Balinese Transmigration 2022-07-06T00:09:36+00:00 Abdul Malik Iskandar abdulmalikiskandar00@gmail.com Arfenti Amir arfenti79@gmail.com Syamsul Alam syamsulalam@gmail.com Harifuddin harifuddin.halim@universitasbosowa.ic.id Andi Herlina andiherlinatoha@gmail.com <p>Cultural diversity is a necessity. Every tribe has own culture. The aim of <br />study is to analyze the description of Ngaben ceremony procession, the <br />sustainability or survival of Ngaben culture and the perception of local <br />community in Balinese transmigration communities in Martajaya Village, <br />Pasangkayu Regency. This study applied descriptive qualitative method by <br />taking informants intentionally based on certain considerations obtained <br />through in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation. Data were <br />obtained and tested for the validity of the data by means of triangulation, <br />extending observations, Focus Group Discussion (FGD).The results of <br />study showed that 1) Ngaben ceremony was directly held for some days <br />with various long time and sacred processes with the aim of being able to <br />return to the creator without any obstacles and being reincarnated for the <br />better in every ritual, 2) there are two types of Ngaben namely Sawa <br />Wedana Ngaben is carried out by people who are able to do it <br />individually, while mass Ngaben is carried out in mutual cooperation<br />once every five years, 3) the local community perception of Ngaben that <br />they are used to and can tolerate the culture and customs of the Balinese <br />community. Ngaben is a good culture and full of meaning in life.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/422 Changing Patterns Of Industrial Relationships In The Responsive And Justice Era Of The Industrial Revolution 4.0 2022-07-21T01:47:55+00:00 Agatha Jumiati agathajum5@gmail.com Waluyo Slamet Pradoto agathajum5@gmail.com <p>The Industrial Revolution 4.0 in the industrial sector has brought changes, one of which is a change concerning <br />the pattern of industrial relations between workers and employers. The pattern of industrial relations before the <br />Industrial Revolution 4.0 was a pattern of relationships based on work agreements. While the pattern of industrial <br />relations after the Industrial Revolution 4.0 underwent a change where the pattern of industrial relations created <br />was based on partnership relations. The pattern of industrial relations based on partnership relations creates an <br />equal or equal relationship and not a multilevel relationship. From the perspective of responsive law, it views the <br />law as an inseparable part of the social world that surrounds it so that the law is not only truly functional and <br />useful in serving the community but is also able to respond to the aspirations and social needs to be served. In a <br />responsive legal order, law is a social institution. Therefore, law is not only seen as a mere regulatory system, but <br />also how the law carries out social functions in and for society. From the perspective of the Theory of Justice <br />presented by John Rawls, it can be concluded that the changing pattern of industrial relations in the Industrial <br />Revolution 4.0 era is in line with the basic principles of justice, namely the principle of freedom and the principle <br />of distribution of income or wealth. This can be reflected in the freedom to draw up work agreements to be made <br />between workers and employers. Besides, the opportunity or opportunity for workers to be able to work in more <br />than one company will encourage unequal distribution of income or wealth. For Rawls' theory, everyone has the <br />same right to be rich, not the right to have the same wealth.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/408 Comparative Study Of Learning Achievement Using The Structured Handouts 2022-07-02T07:12:57+00:00 Agung Listiadi agunglistiadi@unesa.ac.id <p>The learning achievement of each student will not be the same, because each student has certain abilities <br />that vary from other students in terms of ability and ability to master the material, even though the <br />object/criteria for the assessment are the same. For this reason, study Structured handouts that are in <br />accordance with the characteristics of students are very supportive in improving study achievement. <br />Structured handouts are basically self-instruction. Therefore, study through structured handouts emphasizes <br />the active role of students in study themselves. This study uses a quantitative Independent T test method by <br />comparing the mean of the control class and the experimental class. The results of the Independent t test <br />showed that the calculated value resulted in an alpha significance value of less than α = 5%. Thus, it can be <br />concluded that there is a significant difference in learning achievement before and after using the combined <br />excel structured handout. The use of structured handouts in learning is more feasible in realizing creativity <br />and innovation in students because it focuses on the individual abilities of students. Learning by using <br />structured handouts allows students to measure their own abilities and can improve their own abilities <br />without feeling pressured.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/442 Criminal Settlement Of Criminal Acts Of Motorcycle Theft By Child Through Restorative Justice 2022-08-18T01:29:56+00:00 Agus Chariri chariri_cakep@yahoo.co.id <p>A criminal act is an unlawful behavior carried out by an individual and must be punished for the wrongdoing as <br />stated in the law. Criminal acts committed by children or known as juvenile delinquency are now increasingly <br />widespread and varied, both in frequency in quantity or in seriousness in quality in the form of crime. If child crime <br />develops rapidly and widely, what happens is that children who commit crimes will grow into adults and have the <br />potential to become criminals if there is no serious response early on. This study uses an approach with a normative <br />juridical method with a descriptive analytical research specification. The data used is secondary data. Based on the <br />research results, the conclusions in this study include 1) The factors that cause children to commit the crime of theft <br />include internal factors (personality), environmental factors and economic factors. 2) Implementation of restorative <br />justice in handling the crime of motorcycle theft which is in accordance with the Implementation of the Diversion <br />Child Criminal Justice System Law Number 11 of 2012. In applying restorative/diversion justice, there are always <br />efforts for every child who commits a crime. In some cases, diversion can be carried out with the consent of all <br />parties, so that the case does not reach the prosecution level. Restorative justice only applies to petty crimes, with <br />mediation through deliberation. The application of restorative justice has not been effective, because there are still <br />people who fail to implement the purpose of diversion in the investigation of criminal cases of theft of children's <br />motorcycles, especially the police have not implemented the purpose of restorative justice. Everything from the <br />number of children who steal motorcycles. 3) Obstacles in overcoming the crime of motorcycle theft by children <br />through restorative justice, namely the difference in perceptions related to the meaning of justice by restorative <br />justice actors and the existence of an incosystem in the implementation of regulations, especially those regulated in <br />article 7 paragraph (2) of law number 11 of 2012 about the juvenile criminal justice system.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/458 Principal's Leadership Style, Library Services Against Student Reading Motivation 2022-08-21T06:44:28+00:00 Agusalim Agusalim agusumb@gmail.com <p>Motivation to read is a process of driving behavior or the urge to read. Therefore, this article attempts to measure <br />the role of school principals and library services in increasing reading motivation in elementary schools in Baubau <br />city. This study involved teachers and elementary school students in the Lea-lea sub-district, Baubau City. The <br />questionnaire instrument was used to obtain answers to the relationship between the leadership style of the <br />principal, library services and students' reading motivation. The results of the observation found that there was a <br />deviation in the reading motivation score of elementary school students from the average value, the level of <br />deviation of the Principal's leadership style score from its average value and the level of deviation of the Library <br />Service score from its average value. The design of this research is a quantitative study based on the random <br />sampling method using the normality test of the estimation error and the homogeneity of variance test. The results of <br />the study showed that there was a positive and significant influence between the leadership style of the principal and <br />the reading motivation of elementary school students, there was a positive and significant influence between library <br />services (X2) and reading motivation of elementary school students (Y) and there was a positive and significant <br />influence between the leadership style. Principal (X1) and Library Services (X2) together with Elementary School <br />students' reading motivation (Y).</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/417 Religious Development Management In Forming Noble Character Principles Of The Prisoner 2022-07-18T13:46:42+00:00 Ahmad Nawawi Abdurrauf ahmadnawawi.ar71@gmail.com Iim Wasliman ahmadnawawi.ar71@gmail.com M. Andriana Gaffar ahmadnawawi.ar71@gmail.com Mustatul Anwar ahmadnawawi.ar71@gmail.com <p>This paper writing is motivated by the decline in public morals and the consequences of violations of the <br />law that damage the social life order. During the sentencing process, prisoners are still shrouded some<br />mindsets such as ; Trying to get out of the Penitentiary, holding a grudge against other people, feeling <br />dissatisfied with the court decision, feeling like a person who does not get recognition from the <br />community, feelins of disappointment and hopelessness and still difficult to eliminate in everyday life and <br />people worry about not accepting it. or think negatively after finishing the punishment. The study aimed<br />to describe the management of religious development in forming the noble character of prisoner based on <br />Islamic boarding schools through the At-Taubah Integrated Islamic Boarding School (LPK-PPTA). The <br />specific objective is to find out the management of prisoner religious development through the approach <br />of (1) Planning, (2) Implementation (3) Evaluation (4) Problems (5) Solutions (6) Impact. The research <br />formulation is how to manage religious development to shape the character of noble prisoners (a case <br />study at the At-Taubah Integrated Islamic Boarding School Religious Development Institute, Class II B <br />Amuntai Penitentiary, Hulu Sungai Utara Regency, South Kalimantan Province). This research used a <br />naturalistic qualitative research approach namely the situation and conditions at the research location<br />without manipulation with descriptive qualitative research methods. The results of this study was an<br />innovative model of the Islamic boarding school-based religious development program, namely religious <br />psychosomatic psychotherapy through coaching management functions. In the implementation of the <br />management and correctional institutions involving all elements, both internal and external, it obtained <br />good result both in terms of religious understanding (tafaqquh fiddin), life skills (life skills) and noble <br />character (good character), in shaping character. noble character of prisoners. It is recommended to <br />continue to carry out religious guidance for prisoners to make prisoners having faith, knowledge and do <br />good deeds.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/443 The Role Of The Tni Is To Achieve The Election Of The Regional Head Of The Governor Of Central Java, General, Free, Secret, Honest And Fair 2022-08-18T01:28:26+00:00 Ahmad Rifai Siregar danregar45@gmail.com <p>The TNI is required to be able to carry out its duties and functions in accordance <br />with applicable laws. In this case, the TNI must be able to carry out its role in <br />guarding the Indonesian nation's democratic party so that it can run smoothly and <br />safely. It is undeniable that there are still unscrupulous members of the TNI who <br />commit violations in the Pilkada, resulting in public statements related to the <br />existence of government institutions that are not neutral, thus forming public opinion <br />on the performance of the TNI. The formulation of the problem in the research is (1)<br />What is the role of the TNI in realizing the Election of the Regional Head of the <br />Governor of Central Java which is direct, general, free, confidential, honest and <br />fair? (2) Why does the TNI need to maintain and realize a direct, general, free, <br />secret, honest and fair election for the Regional Head of the Governor of Central <br />Java? (3) What is the ideal concept expected for the TNI to realize the Election of the <br />Regional Head of the Governor of Central Java which is direct, general, free, <br />confidential, honest and fair? The approach used is sociological juridical, which <br />means that this research is studied with laws and regulations and legal norms in <br />accordance with the problems that exist in the field. Based on the results of the study, <br />data were obtained that (1) The role of the TNI in the Regional Head Elections in <br />Indonesia in the field of security was in principle an assistance to the Police. (2) The <br />TNI needs to carry out its role in the Pilkada to protect against threats and <br />disturbances that may arise in the holding of the Pilkada together with the National <br />Police based on the law to carry out the duties of Kamtibmas. (3) The TNI must be <br />able to put forward its professionalism as a TNI soldier in accordance with its <br />identity, based on state politics and not taking sides with any group. Therefore, it is <br />necessary to create ideal conditions so that they can be used to increase public trust <br />and increase soldiers' understanding of the neutrality of the TNI.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/413 Homeschooling Learning Management In Fostering Student CharacterIn South Tangerang City 2022-08-13T09:28:24+00:00 Anwar Martadihardja fkfatkhullah@gmail.com Hanafiah Hanafiah faizkarim@uninus.ac.id Faiz Karim Fatkhullah hanafiah@uninus.ac.id <p>This research specifically aims to get an overview and analysis of planning, organizing, implementing, evaluating, <br />constraining, and solving homeschooling learning in fostering student character at Homeschooling Kak Seto and <br />Homeschooling Technosa South Tangerang. This research uses management theory from Terry and character <br />theory from Lickona. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method. Data was collected <br />through observation, interviews and documentation studies. The results of the study indicate that in planning the <br />teacher prepares a Character Learning Implementation Plan referring to the Syllabus. Organizing is still <br />constrained by the human resource management system in supporting the creation of learning in homeschooling as <br />a whole. In the implementation process, the teacher carries out the learning process in accordance with the steps <br />contained in the Learning Implementation Plan; Assessment is carried out by teachers through two types, namely <br />process assessment and learning outcomes assessment. Constraints encountered include (a) Limited time allocation <br />for Citizenship Education learning, (b) There is a dissonance between education at home and education applied in <br />homeschooling, Solutions used to overcome obstacles (a) Fortify students and all elements in homeschooling with <br />noble character, character, and positive character through well-programmed habituation and exemplary activities <br />(b) Developing a typical homeschooling curriculum as the basis for education of identity and religious character. <br />The conclusion of this research is that good civics education learning governance can develop the character of <br />homeschooling students.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/455 Overview Of Criminal Law Against The Crime Of Law Of Minor Child (Case Study At Polres Wonosobo) 2022-08-19T01:38:11+00:00 Ajmal Maulana ajmalmaulana4848@gmail.com <p>The crime of obscenity is part of the crime against decency. Where obscene acts do <br />not only occur in adults but also occur in minors. Either directly or indirectly, <br />children who are victims of sexual abuse crimes experience various disturbances to <br />themselves, both physical and non-physical, resulting from these events. In writing <br />this thesis (the author discusses the problem of the factors that cause the occurrence <br />of crimes of sexual abuse against minors and efforts to prevent and overcome them.<br />Perpetrators of crimes of sexual abuse against minors in committing a crime are <br />carried out in various ways to fulfil or achieve their sexual desires, not only children <br />who are victims but children can sometimes become perpetrators of sexual abuse. <br />The author concludes that the factors that can increase and influence the occurrence <br />of criminal acts of sexual abuse against minors are environmental factors, cultural <br />factors, economic factors, media factors, and psychological or psychological factors <br />of the perpetrators.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/433 State Defense Education Management Pada Ppkn Teachers To Prepare Middle School Students Who Spirit Of Patriotism At Smp Negeri Dki Jakarta 2022-08-09T14:36:15+00:00 Bangun Pandapotan Hutajulu zulu97ph@gmail.com Sutaryat Trisnamansyah zulu97ph@gmail.com Hendi Suhendraya Muchtar zulu97ph@gmail.com Rita Sulastini zulu97ph@gmail.com <p>The background of research on state defense education for PPKn teachers is because so far <br />the implementation has not been optimal. The obstacle is the incompetent educational human <br />resources so that special education is needed to defend the state. The general objective is to <br />get an overview of the management of state defense education for Civics teachers to prepare <br />students with patriotism at SMPN Jakarta. The specific objective is to find out the planning, <br />organization, implementation, assessment, constraints, solutions and analyze state defense <br />education for PPKn teachers in preparing patriotic-spirited students at SMPN Jakarta. <br />Descriptive methods and techniques of observation, interviews, study documentation. <br />Foundation: George R. Terry's Management Theory (2014), Baidowi's State Defense Theory <br />(2016), and Bakry's Patriotism Theory (2010). Using a qualitative approach, philosophically, <br />follow the philosophy of reconstruction. The research subjects consisted of principals, <br />teachers, school committees, supervisors. The results of the study (a) Planning for state <br />defense education for PPKn teachers at SMPN Jakarta by making a work plan to be <br />implemented right. (b). Organizing state defense education for PPKn teachers can be done to <br />facilitate the work of each section (c) Implementation of education state defense for PPKn <br />teachers, through the process and learning outcomes of state defense education inside and <br />outside schools through extracurricular activities with structured independent activities (d). <br />Assessment of state defense education for PPKn teachers, through knowledge and fostering <br />the attitude of students with a patriotic spirit (d). The obstacles to state defense education for <br />PPKn teachers are human resources, state defense program managers, budget, infrastructure <br />(e). The solution for state defense education for PPKn teachers requires the leadership of a <br />visionary, responsible principal, so as to produce graduates who have a patriotic spirit, both <br />in input, process, output and outcome. Conclusion; State defense education management to <br />prepare patriotic junior high school students in DKI Jakarta Province has a positive impact <br />on improving student behavior.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/424 Improving Students’ Academic Achievement in 2nd Year Horticulture Students 2022-07-24T11:32:27+00:00 Belayneh Yohannes belayneh477@gmail.com <p> </p> <p><em>Peer learning is underpinned by social constructivist learning theory. Collaborative peer learning is a means of preparing learners to become independent and actively involved in constructing knowledge for themselves and understanding how to use it. The objectives of The study was to distinguish the major problems that affect the implementation of peer learning in the department and to find and apply possible strategies that help to improve student’s academic this study was achievement used two stage sampling. Methods in the first stage 2</em><em><sup>nd</sup></em><em> year horticulture students were selected, and then random sampling method was applied. The study identified that, unequal sharing of tasks among group members, Problem of group organization/formation, lack of students’ a preparation were the major problems</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/456 Legal Consequences For Notaries Who Corruption Criminal Acts 2022-08-19T01:42:05+00:00 Lendy Widyaningrum Lendywidya@gmail.com <p>A notary is a public official who is authorized to make an authentic deed and has other authorities as <br />referred to in paragraph (1)Invite-Law Number 30 of 2004 concerning the Position of a Notary <br />(UUJN) as amended by Law Number 2 of 2014. The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the <br />legal consequences for a notary who commits a criminal act of corruption. In the Criminal Code, it is <br />known that there are additional types of criminal acts, namely the additional criminal revocation of <br />certain rights, although not all crimes committed by a Notary can be added to an additional penalty. <br />However, it is different from the provisions in the Corruption Crime Act which stipulates that state <br />administrators who commit criminal acts of corruption can have their rights revoked</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/434 School Health Business Management (Uks) To Improve Healthy Lifestyles In Sd Negeri Dki Jakarta 2022-08-09T14:37:56+00:00 Cynthia Christine Hutagalung Cynthia101009@gmail.com Sutaryat Trisnamansyah Cynthia101009@gmail.com Rita Sulastini Cynthia101009@gmail.com Sri Handayani Cynthia101009@gmail.com <p>School Health Business Management (UKS) to improve a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta, has not run optimally in its <br />implementation, so that many UKS programs have not been realized as they should. If there is no solution, it is feared <br />that UKS activities will not run. The specific purpose of this study is to get an overview of UKS management in <br />improving a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta. The general objectives are: a. To find out the UKS management plan in <br />improving a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta, b. To find out the organization of UKS management in improving a <br />healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta, c. To find out the implementation of UKS management in improving a healthy lifestyle <br />at SDN Jakarta, d. To find out the assessment of UKS management in improving a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta. e. <br />To find out the problems of UKS management in improving a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta f. To find out UKS <br />management solutions to improve a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta. The philosophical basis of this research is the <br />philosophy of constructivism, while the theoretical basis used is the management theory by GR Terry (2009), the theory <br />by UKS Notoatmodjo, et al (2012) and the theory of healthy lifestyles by Kus Irianto (2004). qualitative. Data <br />collection is done through: Documentation studies, observations, interviews, and triangulation. The results of the <br />research include: planning, organizing, implementing, assessing, problems and solutions for UKS management to <br />improve a healthy lifestyle at SDN Jakarta, requires visionary leadership, responsibility, and upgrading human <br />resources with all supporting facilities so as to produce graduates who care about healthy lifestyles, healthy lifestyles, <br />both in terms of input, process, output and outcome. Conclusion; UKS management to improve healthy lifestyles for SD <br />Negeri DKI Jakarta students which has a positive impact on increasing healthy living behaviors both at school and in <br />their environment</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/453 Handling Of Minor Crime Cases (Tipiring) Through Restorative Justice As An Effort To Overcome Overcapacity Of Prisoners 2022-08-19T01:27:43+00:00 Dwi Yudi Setiawan dwiyudi.untag@gmail.com <p>As one of the sub-systems of criminal justice, correctional institutions (Lapas) have a role in the implementation of <br />fostering prisoners and correctional students through a correctional system based on education, rehabilitation, and <br />reintegration. In Law Number 12 of 1995 concerning Corrections, it is stated that the correctional system is held in <br />order to form correctional inmates so that they become fully human, realize mistakes, improve themselves, and do not <br />repeat criminal acts so that they can be accepted again by the community. However, in its development, the guidance <br />carried out is not optimal due to the complexity of the problems that occur in prisons. One of the root causes of problems <br />in prisons/detention centers is overcapacity. Various policies have been taken to overcome the overcapacity problem, <br />including through building rehabilitation to the construction of new buildings with the aim of increasing the capacity of <br />prisons and detention centers. However, this policy was not significantly able to overcome the problem of overcapacity <br />considering the increasing number of detainees and inmates who are still much more as a result of the high level of <br />crime in the community. Efforts that may be more appropriate to do to overcome the excess capacity in prisons can be <br />taken by using a Restorative Justice approach, namely a shift in punishment in the criminal justice system that prioritizes <br />justice for victims and perpetrators of criminal acts in addition to alternative punishments such as social work. and <br />others. this policy was not significantly able to overcome the problem of overcapacity considering the increasing number <br />of detainees and inmates who are still much more as a result of the high level of crime in the community. Efforts that <br />may be more appropriate to do to overcome the excess capacity in prisons can be taken by using a Restorative Justice <br />approach, namely a shift in punishment in the criminal justice system that prioritizes justice for victims and perpetrators <br />of criminal acts in addition to alternative punishments such as social work. and others. this policy was not significantly <br />able to overcome the problem of overcapacity considering the increasing number of detainees and inmates who are still <br />much more as a result of the high level of crime in the community. Efforts that may be more appropriate to do to <br />overcome the excess capacity in prisons can be taken by using a Restorative Justice approach, namely a shift in <br />punishment in the criminal justice system that prioritizes justice for victims and perpetrators of criminal acts in addition <br />to alternative punishments such as social work. and others. Efforts that may be more appropriate to do to overcome the <br />excess capacity in prisons can be taken by using a Restorative Justice approach, namely a shift in punishment in the <br />criminal justice system that prioritizes justice for victims and perpetrators of criminal acts in addition to alternative <br />punishments such as social work. and others. Efforts that may be more appropriate to do to overcome the excess <br />capacity in prisons can be taken by using a Restorative Justice approach, namely a shift in punishment in the criminal <br />justice system that prioritizes justice for victims and perpetrators of criminal acts in addition to alternative punishments <br />such as social work. and others.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/430 Special Job Exchange Management (Bkk) In Improving Absorb Work And Growentrepreneurshipstudent At SMKN 1 Pacet Cianjur And SMKN Development Lembang Farm 2022-08-05T15:48:37+00:00 Edi Gunawan Gunawanedi626@gmail.com Abin Syamsudin Gunawanedi626@gmail.com Yosal Iriantara Gunawanedi626@gmail.com Ayi Najmul Hidayat Gunawanedi626@gmail.com <p>The purpose of education in the 1945 Constitution is to educate the nation's life and participate in world peace. <br />Education is an effort to develop existing abilities and potential to become quality human beings. Vocational High <br />Schools were chosen as institutions that are able to produce graduates who can directly enter the workforce. The purpose <br />of this study was to obtain data and examine the Special Job Market Management in increasing job absorption and <br />fostering student entrepreneurship at SMKN 1 Pacet, Cianjur Regency and Vocational School for Agricultural <br />Development Lembang. The research uses a qualitative approach. With the case study method, the focus is on examining <br />a particular case or phenomenon in society which is carried out in depth by studying the background, circumstances, and <br />interactions that occur. The data collection methods in this study were conducted interviews, observations and <br />documentation studies. The results of this study indicate that Special Job Exchange Management is effective in increasing <br />the absorption of student work and fostering entrepreneurship in the field of Agriculture and Agribusiness at SMKN, as <br />proclaimed by the Governor of West Java, the Target is Millennial Farmers, then Agriculture is the third largest sector <br />that contributes to the economic cycle. in West Java, so that implementation planning, organizing, monitoring and <br />evaluation need to be carried out in vocational schools as partners in increasing student work absorption and fostering <br />entrepreneurship in the field of agriculture and agribusiness. , this is a problem while SMK is a place to print the <br />younger generation in innovating and developing talent.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/419 Evaluation Of Implementation Of 2013 Curriculum In Learning Outcomes Perspective For Sport And Health Physical Education 2022-07-21T01:45:42+00:00 Eggi Pangestu hartati@fkip.unsri.ac.id Hartati Hartati hartati@fkip.unsri.ac.id Sri Sumarni hartati@fkip.unsri.ac.id <p>This research is motivated by the strategic policies of State Senior High School 6 <br />Palembang in implementing the 2013 curriculum within 9 years. Based on this, to find <br />out more about the level of implementation of the 2013 curriculum in terms of the aspect <br />of learning achievement of Physical Education in Sports and Health (PEH) in the context <br />of the 2013 curriculum in an objective and factual manner. This study aims to evaluate <br />the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in terms of learning outcomes for physical <br />education, sports and health. The research method used is mixed research with the CIPP <br />model evaluation method (context, input, process, product). Research data was obtained <br />through observation, interviews, and questionnaires. The data collected were analyzed <br />using descriptive qualitative and percentages. The results showed that the evaluation of <br />the implementation of the 2013 curriculum in terms of PEH learning outcomes was good. <br />This can be seen from the evaluation of the PEH curriculum in the context of the 2013 <br />curriculum in the form of the legal basis for the Regulation of the Minister of Education <br />and Culture Number. 22 of 2016, and has carried out intensive socialization with school <br />residents. The input evaluation shows that the implementation has been supported by a <br />good quality curriculum. Process evaluation shows that the school can organize the <br />implementation of the preparation of teaching preparation by the signs set out in the <br />guidelines for preparing learning plans. While the product evaluation shows <br />qualitatively in detail according to indicators, where knowledge and skills, data findings <br />are also strengthened by observations that the learning outcomes target and graduate <br />qualification criteria. In addition, the results of observations and responses of teachers <br />and students are very high.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/448 Criminal Law Policy On The Crime Of Desertion Performed By Members Of The Indonesian National Army 2022-08-19T01:04:06+00:00 Eko Hadi Syahputra eko2008119@gmail.com <p>An absolute requirement in military life is to comply with TNI regulations and official orders from each superior <br />in order to uphold a life in the military that is full of high awareness. If these things are violated (desertion), it will <br />only shake the joints of discipline and order in the TNI. The formulation of the problems in this study are: 1) What <br />is the criminal law policy on desertion crimes committed by members of the Indonesian National Armed Forces? <br />2) What are the obstacles to criminal law policies against desertion crimes committed by members of the <br />Indonesian National Armed Forces and what are the solutions. The author uses a normative juridical approach. <br />The sociological juridical approach emphasizes research that aims to obtain legal knowledge empirically by going <br />directly to the object related to this research. The results of this study are: 1) The criminal law policy against the <br />criminal act of desertion in Indonesian military law is clearly regulated in Article 87 of the Criminal Procedure <br />Code and the punishment for members who become the perpetrators of desertion is regulated in Article 88 of the <br />Criminal Procedure Code. The application of military law against the perpetrators of the crime of desertion as a <br />Military Member (TNI) carries a heavier penalty than the threat of punishment found in the general public, <br />because the military is not only armed to maintain security but must be disciplined, instead of using desertion. <br />Desertion in this case is absence without permission, intentionally for 30 consecutive days. 2) Obstacles in the <br />implementation of military law against members of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) who commit the <br />criminal act of desertion in general because the investigations carried out by Military Police investigators still <br />often do not meet the formal and material requirements.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/465 Clinical Supervision Management Of School Supervisor Tirta Model To Increase Pedagogic Competence Of Junior High School Teacher 2022-08-24T01:56:57+00:00 Fikron Fikron fikronceha@gmail.com Didin Wahidin fikronceha@gmail.com Waska Warta fikronceha@gmail.com Adjat Sudrajat fikronceha@gmail.com <p>This research is motivated by the weak pedagogic competence of teacher due to the lack of optimal clinical <br />supervision carried out by school supervisors. This study aims to obtain an overview of the planning, organization, <br />implementation, evaluation and barriers to clinical supervision of the TIRTA model of school supervisors to improve <br />the pedagogic competence of junior high school teachers. This research is based on management theory and <br />supervision theory. This study uses a descriptive method with a qualitative approach through interview techniques, <br />observation and documentation in data collection. The results of the study indicate that: (1) Planning has been in <br />accordance with planning theory and programs but has not received maximum support from school principals and <br />infrastructure resources. (2) The organization has been in accordance with the theory of organizing but does not yet <br />have an understanding of their respective duties and responsibilities. (3) The implementation has been in accordance <br />with the implementation theory through socialization, coordination and motivation, but has not been supported by the <br />commitment and competence of teachers. (4) the evaluation has been carried out through an assessment according to <br />the instrument and the results of direct observation, but it has not been maximal in providing solutions to teacher <br />problems. (5) Barriers to the implementation of supervision include professionalism and competence of supervisors, <br />support for understanding and commitment to a quality culture.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/432 The Effectiveness Of Interactive Power Point Learning Media Towards The Motivation Of Learning To Write Pantun For Class VII Students Of The Masehi Private Junior High School Berastagi 2021/2022 2022-08-06T15:50:09+00:00 Grace Hanna Marina Tarigan sadielitelaumbanua@unprimdn.ac.id Sadieli Telaumbanua sadielitelaumbanua@unprimdn.ac.id Panigoran Siburian sadielitelaumbanua@unprimdn.ac.id Teguh Trisnton sadielitelaumbanua@unprimdn.ac.id <p>The quality of education is very much influenced by factors, where one of the factors that affect the quality of education <br />is the quality of learning in schools and can be seen from the increase in grades. Utilization of media in the learning <br />process in the classroom to make the learning atmosphere fun and can increase student grades. The use of learning <br />media to write rhymes can increase the learning motivation of 7th graders of Berastagi Private Middle School students. <br />It can be seen from the results of simple linear regression testing that the t test significance value is 0.071 less than 0.1<br />and the t regression coefficient is positive, meaning that the more frequent use of interactive learning media, the <br />students' learning motivation will increase. There is a significant difference in value between before the use of <br />interactive learning media and after the use of interactive power point learning media. It can be seen from the test <br />results that the average paired sample difference produces a sig value of 0.000 less than 0.05. The value after using <br />interactive learning media is higher than the value before using interactive power point learning media. Suggestions for <br />further research to add other variables that affect students' learning motivation, because the results of this study <br />indicate that the contribution of learning media to increasing students' learning motivation is only 3.8 percent. <br />Suggestions for teachers to use interactive learning media as a means to deliver material to students, because it is <br />proven that the use of interactive learning media can increase student values and motivation in learning.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/460 Analysis Of The Influence Of Service Quality And Trust On Customer Loyalty With Customer Satisfaction As Intervening Variable In Menantea Field 2022-08-21T06:42:57+00:00 Hafiz Ramadhan yeniariesa@unpri.ac.id Yusuf Ronny Edward yeniariesa@unpri.ac.id Yeni Ariesa yeniariesa@unpri.ac.id <p>This study aims to analyze the effect of service quality on customer loyalty Menantea Medan, analyze the effect of <br />trust on customer loyalty, analyze the effect of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty, analyze the effect of <br />service quality on customer satisfaction, analyze the effect of trust on customer satisfaction, analyze the effect of <br />service quality on customer loyalty. through customer satisfaction and analyze the effect of trust on customer <br />loyalty through customer satisfaction Menantea Medan. This research is a quantitative descriptive with a <br />questionnaire instrument with a population of all regular customers of Menantea Medan for the 2021 period as <br />many as 5,859 people, the determination of the sample using an accidental sample is achieved by the research <br />sample as many as 155 people. The results showed that the RSquare value was 0.551 or R2 x 100% of 55.10%, <br />meaning that the service quality and trust variables made a major contribution to explaining customer loyalty by <br />55.10%, the remaining 44.90% were other factors and the RSquare value was 0.850 or R2 x 100% is 85.50%, <br />meaning that the service quality and trust variables contribute in explaining customer loyalty by 85.00%, the <br />remaining 15.00% is another factor. The conclusion of the study is that service quality has a significant effect on <br />customer loyalty, Menantea Medan, trust has a significant effect on customer loyalty, customer satisfaction has a <br />significant effect on customer loyalty, and service quality has a significant effect on customer satisfaction. trust <br />has a significant effect on customer satisfaction, service quality has a significant effect on customer loyalty <br />through customer satisfaction and trust has no effect on customer loyalty through customer satisfaction <br />Menantea Medan.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/447 The Effectiveness Of The Implementation Of The 2020 Simultaneous Elections In The Time Of The Covid-19 Emergency Pandemic In Kab.Wonosobo 2022-08-19T01:00:24+00:00 Hany Prihatiningsih prihatiningsihhany@gmail.com <p>The effectiveness of the 2020 Simultaneous Local Elections in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic has both positive and <br />negative impacts. The positive impacts include the implementation of the mandate of the applicable regulations, the <br />fulfillment of the constitutional rights of the Pilkada participants and the community, reducing the practice of local <br />government leadership which is led by too many temporary officials, and preventing budget swelling. While the negative <br />impacts include the higher risk of COVID-19 transmission, the potential for fraudulent practices that are increasingly <br />vulnerable, the refusal of the Regional Head Elections has the potential to increase the number of abstentions. Efforts so <br />that the 2020 simultaneous regional elections can be carried out properly include increasing the supervision of health <br />protocols, maintaining integrity in the implementation of regional elections, there must be a commitment for both <br />Pilkada participants and implementers, community discipline, there are 55 countries postponing national or local <br />elections and national referendums. However, there are 21 countries that have not postponed elections, 9 of which have <br />been held in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. South Korea became one of the countries that successfully held <br />elections on April 15, 2020 (International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2020). In Indonesia, the <br />scheduling of the simultaneous regional elections to be held in December 2020 is considered unrealistic. Due to the fact, <br />until December 2020, the number of positive cases of COVID-19 continued to increase nationally. Many people are <br />worried that if the local elections are held in December 2020, it will become a new cluster for the spread of COVID-19. <br />there are 21 countries that have not postponed elections, 9 of which have been held in the midst of the COVID-19 <br />pandemic. South Korea became one of the countries that successfully held elections on April 15, 2020 (International <br />Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 2020). In Indonesia, the scheduling of the simultaneous regional <br />elections to be held in December 2020 is considered unrealistic. Due to the fact, until December 2020, the number of <br />positive cases of COVID-19 continued to increase nationally. Many people are worried that if the regional elections are <br />held in December 2020, it will become a new cluster for the spread of COVID-19. there are 21 countries that have not <br />postponed elections, 9 of which have been held in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. South Korea became one of the <br />countries that successfully held elections on April 15, 2020 (International Institute for Democracy and Electoral <br />Assistance, 2020). In Indonesia, the scheduling of the simultaneous regional elections to be held in December 2020 is <br />considered unrealistic. Due to the fact, until December 2020, the number of positive cases of COVID-19 continued to <br />increase nationally. Many people are worried that if the regional elections are held in December 2020, it will become a <br />new cluster for the spread of COVID-19.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/425 Implementation Of Bureaucracy Simple Policy In Improving The Bureaucracy Reform Index The Government Of The City Of Salatiga 2022-07-26T01:41:46+00:00 Hari Priyono nanikz@student.uns.ac.id Hardi Warsono nanikz@student.uns.ac.id Retno Sunu Astuti nanikz@student.uns.ac.id <p>The targets of the Salatiga City Government Bureaucratic Reform are adjusted to the development targets of the <br />state apparatus sub-sector, as stated in Presidential Regulation Number 18 of 2020 concerning the 2020-2024 <br />National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN), namely: a clean and accountable bureaucracy; capable <br />bureaucracy; and excellent public service. This research uses the descriptive qualitative method. Qualitative <br />research is research where the researcher is placed as a key instrument, the data collection technique is carried <br />out by combining and analyzing the data and is inductive in nature. This research will use an inductive mindset, <br />namely, the researcher goes into the field, studies a process of discovery which is a fact or event, and then <br />records it. , analyze with a phenomenological approach then interpret and report and draw conclusions from <br />the process.The result of his research was that the Mayor of Salatiga requested that the implementation of <br />Bureaucratic Reform be followed up immediately. Digital signatures are expected to encourage effective and <br />efficient bureaucratic processes. Public service problems include people's dissatisfaction with the time, cost, <br />and method of service. The implementation of Bureaucratic Reform covers eight areas of change. In Salatiga, <br />there are several assessment indices that have decreased in 2021. "No less important is how to use one data to <br />synergize with each other," is the application of digital signatures to ensure the authenticity and transparency of <br />documents. Digital signatures are expected to encourage effective and efficient bureaucratic processes, without <br />reducing the accountability factor for document changes that occur. The mayor said the bureaucratic flow is <br />getting better so that public services can be of higher quality.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/457 Management Of Distance Education Degree Program At The Indonesian Dual Mode University 2022-08-21T06:46:49+00:00 Hendro Prasetyo mas.hendro@gmail.com Dadang Suherman mas.hendro@gmail.com Waska Warta mas.hendro@gmail.com Ujang Cepi Barlian mas.hendro@gmail.com <p>Indonesia needs much more traditional higher education institutions offering distance education (DE) degree <br />programs. However, there is little in the literature that can be used as reference on how to plan and implement the <br />DE program in the Indonesian context. This study aims to help fill the gap in the knowledge by investigating the <br />management of two DE degree programs at two traditional campus universities in Indonesia. Data were collected <br />through in-depth interviews and document reviews using the collective case study approach. The collected data <br />were then analyzed individually within case and across cases to identify similarities and differences. Evidence <br />shows that the decision to open a DE degree program was based on a careful assessment of its market potentials <br />and its compatibility with the institution’s vision and mission. In addition to having clear goal and strategy, the <br />program was also planned, implemented and evaluated in a manner suitable with the unique characteristics of <br />distance education. The results of this study could be used as reference by other universities considering or <br />planning to open a DE degree program.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/441 Police Policy In Using Restorative Justice Methods Against Child Criminal Actors 2022-08-18T01:31:27+00:00 Indrayana Indrayana Indraciutgubug82@gmail.com <p>Children as the nation's buds in building the nation and state for the future of the child itself. restorative justice is an <br />approach that focuses on the conditions for creating justice and balance for the perpetrators of criminal acts and <br />their victims. The mechanism for criminal justice procedures focusing on sentencing is transformed into a process of <br />dialogue and mediation to create an agreement on a more just and balanced settlement for victims and <br />perpetrators.Problems 1. How is the Implementation of Police Policy in the Use of Restorative Justice Methods <br />Against Child Criminal Actors? with descriptive-analytical research specifications and sources of secondary and <br />primary data. the results of police policy research in using the method of restorative justice against perpetrators of <br />child crimes, police policies in carrying out settlement efforts through mediation and recovery consultations with <br />non-punitive decisions prioritizing solutions in the best interests of the perpetrators, victims, and the community. The <br />policy of the Police of the Republic of Indonesia is to issue a Circular Letter of the Police of the Republic of <br />Indonesia Number: 8 of 2021 concerning the Application of Restorative Justice. prioritizing the interests of the <br />victim and the perpetrator in order to reach an agreement together to seek a solution to the crime by emphasizing on <br />recovery, not retaliation. It is through law enforcement that this becomes a reality. However, in enforcing the law <br />there are 3 (three) elements that need to be considered, namely: legal certainty, expediency and justice.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/449 Assimilation Program Planning By The Ministry Of Law And Human Rights In Overcoming The Spread Of Covid-19 At The Corporate Institution 2022-08-19T01:13:26+00:00 Isti Nurhidayah istidarmadi16@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the assimilation program launched by <br />the Ministry of Law and Human Rights in order to overcome the spread of Covid-19 <br />in prisons so that it does not over capacity. The type of research method used is <br />normative juridical. Based on the results of the study, it is known that if assimilation <br />and integration continue to apply, there are at least two additional requirements, <br />namely; The provision of assimilation and integration must involve supervisory <br />judges and observers for their consideration and risk assessment. Furthermore, for <br />the long term, in anticipating overcapacity in correctional institutions, immediately <br />ratify the Draft Criminal Code which has the concept of Criminal Individualization <br />and Criminalization which is expected to be able to provide protection and welfare <br />for the community and still pay attention to the interests of criminal acts.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/454 Legal Consequences Of Husband's Infidelity To Legal Wife 2022-08-19T01:34:37+00:00 Catur Wulan Muharti ulandjustin@gmail.com <p>Introduction, The legal consequences of husband's infidelity that occur in the household will have a negative <br />impact on the wife and children.The infidelity committed by a husband greatly affects the psychology of his wife <br />and children which results in the breakdown of the household. The rights of a wife who are threatened with not <br />getting gono gini property if there is a marriage agreement. Marriage agreement before and after marriage. <br />Problem formulation, 1)What is the legal protection for the wife if the husband is having an affair? 2) Will a wife <br />who is a victim of infidelity get her rights if there is no marriage agreement? Normative juridical research method. <br />Which includes legal principles, legal norms, and written and unwritten legal rules. The data collection method <br />uses qualitative data analysis which aims to analyze the legal protection of infidelity, and dig deeper into the rights <br />that will be obtained by a legal wife. The results of the study, 1) Written legal protection is not yet strong if there is <br />no evidence. 2) The rights of a wife can be fought for by a court order.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/415 Economic Performance Of Manufacturing Companies In Indonesia: Long Term Debt, Pre-Tax Foreign Income And Earning Management 2022-07-16T16:26:10+00:00 Prisila Damayanty mumpuni@untidar.ac.id Hendi Prihanto mumpuni@untidar.ac.id Mulyadi Mulyadi mumpuni@untidar.ac.id Riski Ulan Sari mumpuni@untidar.ac.id <p>[1] Al-tuwaijri, S. A., Christensen, T. E., &amp; Ii, K. E. H. (2004). The relations among environmental disclosure , <br />environmental performance , and economic performance : a simultaneous equations approach. 29, 447–471. <br />https://doi.org/10.1016/S0361-3682(03) 00032-1.<br />[2] Almilia, L. S., &amp; Wijayanto, D. (2007). The Effect of Environmental Performance on Environmental Disclosure <br />and Economic Performance. Proceedings The 1st Accounting Conference, (November), 7–9. <br />https://doi.org/10.21002/jaki.2012.04<br />[3] Anton, F. (2010). Towards the Theory of Stewardship management. Scientific Magazine of Informatics, 1(2), <br />61–80.<br />[4] Arista, D. (2012). Factor Analysis - Factors Affecting Stock Returns (The Case of Manufacturing Companies <br />That Went Public on the IDX for the Period of 2005 - 2009). Journal of Applied Management And Accounting <br />Sciences, 3, 1–15.<br />[5] Benny, J. (2013). Exports and Imports Affect the Position of Foreign Exchange Reserves in Indonesia. Emba <br />Journal. ISSN : 2303-1174, 1(4), 1–10. Retrieved froM <br />http://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/emba/article/view/2920/2471<br />[6] Damayanti, E., Laksono, P., Rini, I., &amp; Pangestuti, D. (2018). Company Debt and Profitability (Study on Real <br />Estate and Property Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange). 7(2012), 2012–2018.<br />[7] Dewata, B. K., &amp; Swara, I. W. Y. (2013). The Effect of Total Exports, Libor, and Labor Wages on Foreign <br />Direct Investment in Indonesia. E-Journal of Development Economics, Udayana University, 2, 350–358.<br />1575<br />International Journal of Educational Research &amp; Social Sciences ISSN: 2774-5406<br />https://ijersc.org<br />[8] Dewi, L. K., Putu, D., &amp; Sukartha, Y. (2015). The Relationship between Financial Performance and Return <br />Corporate Social Responsibilty is investing. In the current era of globalization, investors are increasingly <br />required to be used as a source of analysis of fundamental factors of companies. 3, 516–529.<br />[9] Donaldson, L., &amp; Davis, J. H. (1991). Stewardship Theory or Agency Theory: CEO Governance and <br />Shareholder Returns. Australian Journal of Management, 16(1), 49–64. <br />https://doi.org/10.1177/031289629101600103<br />[10] Eksandy. (2018). Accounting and Management Research Methods<br />[11] Fernando, N. (2017). Analysis of Economic Performance of Manufacturing Companies in Indonesia. 9(2), 132–<br />142.<br />[12] Higgins, D., Omer, T. C., &amp; Phillips, J. D. (2011). The Influence of a Firm's Business Strategy on its Tax <br />Aggressiveness. Ssrn, XX(Xx), 1–29. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1727592<br />[13] INDEF. (2017). Towards Indonesia's Economic Resilience: Contributing suggestions to 100 Indonesian <br />Economists.<br />[14] Mada, U. G., Setiawati, L., &amp; Na'im, A. (2000). Profit Management, 15(4), 424–441.<br />[15] Priyanto, S., &amp; Darmawan, A. (2017). Effect of Debt to Asset Ratio (DAR), Debt to Equity Ratio (DER), Long <br />Term Debt to Asset Ratio (LDAR) and Long Term Debt to Equity Ratio (LDER) on Profitability (ROE) on <br />Manufacturing Companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange for the 2012-2014 Period. Journal of Economic <br />Media Management and Business, XVII(1), 25–32.<br />[16] Raharjo, E. (2007). Agency Theory And Stewarship Theory In Accounting Perspective. Economic Focus : <br />Scientific Journal of Economics, 2(1), 27–46. https://doi.org/10.34152/FE.2.1.%P<br />[17] Rizky, R. L., Agustin, G., &amp; Mukhlis, I. (2016). The Effect of Foreign Investment, Domestic Investment and <br />Capital Expenditure on Provincial Economic Growth in Indonesia. Journal of Economics and Economics of <br />Development Studies, 8(1), 9–16. https://doi.org/10.17977/um002v8i12016p009<br />[18] Shopia, A., &amp; Sulasmiyati, S. (2018). The Effect of Foreign Direct Investment, Exports, and External Debt on <br />ASEAN Economic Growth (Study on gross domestic product of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand for the <br />period 2007 - 2016). Journal of Business Administration (JAB), 61(3), 20–28. Retrieved from <br />administrasibisnis.studentjournal.ub.ac.id%0A20<br />[19] Stubben, S. (2010). Discretionary Revenues as a Measure of Earnings Management Working Paper. 85(2), 695–<br />717.<br />[20] Tristianasari, G. (2014). Economic Performance Analysis of the Company. 3(2), 135–146.<br />[21] Wibowo, S. (2016). The effect of debt to equity ratio, debt ratio, long term debt, long term debt to equity ratio, <br />and liquidity on profitability in pharmaceutical companies. 8(1), 22–28.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/459 Effect Of Macroeconomic Factors (Exchange, Inflation, Sbi Interest Rate, World Oil Price) On Stock Returns With Profitability As Intervening Variables In Mining Sector Companies In The Indonesia Stock Exchange 2015-2019 2022-08-21T06:45:23+00:00 Elsa Dutiva Br. Ginting elsaginting91@gmail.com Sofiyan Matondang elsaginting91@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze the effect of macroeconomic factors (exchange rate, <br />inflation, interest rates for Bank Indonesia Certificates, world oil prices) on stock returns with profitability (return <br />on assets) as an intervening variable in mining sector companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2015 -2019. <br />The data used in this study is secondary data obtained from monthly and annual data published by Bank Indonesia, <br />the Indonesia Stock Exchange, and the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and processed using Path Analysis <br />with SmartPLS 3.0. The results showed that macroeconomics (exchange rate of Rp/US$, inflation, SBI interest rates, <br />world oil prices) and ROA had a direct significant effect on stock returns in the mining sector on the Indonesia Stock <br />Exchange (IDX). Macroeconomics (Rp/US$ exchange rate, inflation and world oil prices) have an indirect and <br />significant indirect effect on Stock Return of the mining sector on the IDX, while the SBI interest rate has a <br />significant indirect effect on Stock Return of the mining sector on the IDX.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/426 Attitude Of Teachers In Higher Education Institutions Towards Online Teaching And Learning 2022-07-26T01:34:49+00:00 Nerisa Paladan npaladan@gmail.com <p>The sustainability of higher education institutions (HEI) to provide quality education was challenged during and after the <br />covid-19 pandemic in adopting the new normal. Attitude is one factor in embracing the new normal in the higher <br />education teaching modalities. This study aims to assess the higher education institutions’ teachers’ attitudes toward <br />online teaching and learning. It will specifically know the difference between the attitude of a private and public HEI <br />teacher and distinguish the attitude of HEI teachers according to gender, academic rank, and the number of years in <br />teaching. Quantitative research was utilized; a sample of 107 HEI teachers are the respondents of this study; they <br />voluntarily participate in the self-administered survey using an online google form and it uses a standardized <br />questionnaire in assessing teachers’ attitude in the HEI when dealing with online teaching and learning. The results of the <br />statistical test revealed no significant difference in the attitude of HEI teachers and have an overall favorable attitude<br />towards online teaching and learning with regards to their gender and number of years in teaching. However, there is a <br />significant difference in attitude according to the type of HEI under the responsiveness towards online education with a <br />P-value of 0.004, and academic rank under the appreciation for online teaching and learning with a P-value of 0.037. <br />Post hoc test shows a significant difference in attitude of community colleges with a mean of 3.44, a favorable attitude, <br />and state universities with a corresponding mean of 3.13, a neutral attitude on online teaching and learning. That HEI <br />teachers have an overall favorable attitude in terms of appreciation for online teaching and learning, responsiveness <br />towards online education, proficiency in handling online teaching, and knowledge of technological reforms which <br />indicates their readiness toward future-oriented higher education.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/431 The The Years Of Schooling Contribution As Factors That Most Considered In Increasing Human Development Index 2022-08-05T15:52:05+00:00 Nurul Listiyani nurullistiyani5@gmail.com Rizka Zulfikar rizkazulfikar@gmail.com Achmad Jaelani rizkazulfikar@gmail.com Didi Susanto rizkazulfikar@gmail.com <p>Banjar Regency as one of the second-level regions in South Kalimantan Province has an HDI value that always <br />experiences growth and is included in the medium category. However, if we look at the average growth rate of HDI value <br />(shortfall reduction) during this period, it is included in the low category, which is around 0.74 percent (2010-2021 <br />period) and only ranks 11th out of 13 districts. This shows that development programs in Banjar Regency, although they <br />have a positive impact on improving the quality of life of the population, are not large enough when compared to <br />development programs that have been carried out by other regencies/cities.To be able to improve these conditions, of <br />course, it is necessary to study the causes of the low rate of growth of the HDI in Banjar Regency on the three basic <br />dimensions of forming the HDI, namely the Dimensions of Health, Dimensions of Education and Dimensions of Decent <br />Living Standards. Where the health dimension is represented by life expectancy (AHH), the education dimension is <br />represented by the Average Years of Schooling (RLS) and Expected Years of Schooling (HLS), and the dimension of Decent <br />Living Standards is represented by the Adjusted Expenditure Figures (APP).The method used is descriptive quantitativequalitative, using the Partial Least Of Square (PLS) technique to determine the influence of the dimension indicators <br />forming HDI. The results of this research are as follows: (1) Life Expectancy and Average Years of Schooling have no <br />significant effect on the HDI Figures of Kab. Banjar, (2) Expected Years of Schooling and Adjusted Per capita Figures <br />have a significant effect on HDI figures, (3) indicators forming HDI such as AHH, RLS, HSL and APP together have a <br />significant effect on HDI Kab. Banjar because the significance value is (0.000) &lt; 0.05. With a coefficient of determination <br />(R Squared Change) of 1,000, it can be said that the variance of the HDI value is 100% influenced by the forming <br />indicators and is not influenced by indicators other than the indicators forming the HDI, (4) The order of indicators that <br />contribute the most to the HDI Regency. Banjar from the largest are: Expected Length of Schooling, Life Expectancy, <br />Expenditure Per Capita and Average Length of Schooling. In this case it can be said that the attention of the district <br />government. Banjar during the period 2010-2021 focused more on HLS, AHH and APP indicators than on RLS indicators <br />(the indicator with the smallest contribution).</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/407 Read My Lips: Reading English Application Tool In The Development Of Middle Youth Students Thru Language Instruction Using Phonetic Sounds 2022-07-08T02:09:16+00:00 Rommel Sanqui rommelsanquiit@gmail.com Roselyn E. Sanqui rommelsanquiit@gmail.com Davidson C. Valera rommelsanquiit@gmail.com <p>Reading is a key to learning skills. It enhances our learning skills. It develops comprehensions opens up a lot of answers <br />for further learning. And the use of computer programs and applications supplements regular reading instructions. The <br />computer application for Project R.E.A.D. M.Y. L.I.P.S (Reading English Application tool in the Development of Middle <br />Youth students thru Language Instruction using Phonetic Sounds), is a computer based program, which provides the <br />compilation of options such as: Phonetic Alphabet, Let’s Read and Let’s Play options. The system is designed to provide <br />pre elementary English Teacher with a supplementary tool in teaching reading. The system operates on different types <br />of computer specification. The screen resolution must be 14 inches as minimum requirements to make it easy and <br />compatible to use. A minimum storage space is 256 MB. Installation package and executable file were made for good <br />and easy installation and operation of the system. The system was evaluated excellent in its performance and <br />functionality using the ISO evaluation tool for software developemnt.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/409 The Development Of Teaching Model “Arlo Framework Gamification” In Basic Teaching Skill 2022-07-05T02:44:18+00:00 Saiful Anwar dosen00902@unpam.ac.id Lodya Sesriyani dosen00902@unpam.ac.id Rusmaini Rusmaini dosen00902@unpam.ac.id <p>This study aims to develop a gamification learning model as an effective learning <br />model to use during a pandemic which is 100% held in online learning. This <br />development is carried out by considering the needs of students in economic <br />education in pursuing the Basic Teaching Ability course which is a prerequisite <br />course for participating in the field practice program which is mandatory for all <br />education faculty students. This research adopts Marczewski's Gamification <br />Framework which consists of 8 questions, namely 1) what is being gamified; 2) why <br />is it being gamified; 3) who are the users; 4) how is it being gamified; 5) analytics <br />are set up; 6) tested with users; 7) acted on feedback; and 8) released the solution. <br />There are 25 students in this study. Furthermore, the result of this study finds 8 types <br />of mechanics, 8 badges, and 4 trophies. There are 7 students who get platinum level, <br />10 students get gold level, 5 students get silver level, and the remaining 4 students <br />get bronze level. In addition, there is an increase in the students' pretest and posttest <br />from 66.28 to 82.20.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/468 Revitalization of the Mgmp Program to Improve the Pedagogic Competence of High School Science Teachers (SMA) 2022-08-24T01:51:55+00:00 Salim Munajat salmuna71@gmail.com Iim Wasliman salmuna71@gmail.com Hendi Suhendraya Muchtar salmuna71@gmail.com Yosal Iriantara salmuna71@gmail.com <p><em>The Subject Teacher Conference (MGMP) as an association or association of teachers plays a strategic role in improving and strengthening teacher competence through discussion and training. Its main role is to facilitate teachers in the same field of study in exchanging opinions and experiences. However, there are still many teachers who are not active so that they do not develop and are static even though they have participated in MGMP activities. In addition, due to the limited number of roles that can be performed by the MGMP, the ability of teachers to teach as indicated by the indicators of student success is still low. The purpose of this study was to find out how "the revitalization of the MGMP Program To Improve the Pedagogic Competence of Science Teachers at SMA in Karawang Regency is actually through the "POAC" management theory approach from GR Terry. In particular, this study describes and analyzes (1) planning, (2) organizing, (3) implementing and (4) assessing the MGMP in science subjects. This study uses a qualitative method with a case study approach. Collecting data by conducting observations, interviews, and documentation studies as well as validation of research results. The results of the study indicate that the MGMP Revitalization Program is a classification of the findings from the identification process of the MGMP Revitalization Program which is carried out specifically so that the profile obtained in the MGMP is based on factual, objective and precise data. The follow up in the MGMP Program Revitalization lies in understanding the teacher team and how they must coordinate, cooperate and follow up when handling MGMP.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/411 The Effect Of Tax Socialization, Tax Knowledge And Tax Morale On Tax Compliance 2022-07-06T00:14:45+00:00 Sari Rahmawati arry.eksandy@upj.ac.id <p>This research is intended to gain insight of the partial and simultaneous influence of tax socialization, tax <br />knowledge, and tax morale to tax compliance on taxpayer in KPP Pratama, Bandung. This research as a method <br />of causal explanatory, with linear regression analysis. This research is using questionnaire as an instrument, that <br />developed according to the theoretical framework, and was considered valid and reliable enough. The population <br />was the small and middle enterprises in Bandung, on the 2016 year.The sampling used was probabilistic <br />sampling, using simple random sampling methods.The researcher was using the data from 100 taxpayer randomly <br />assigned from all Bandung KPP Offices.According to the result of the study, it is found that there is a significant <br />effect of tax socialization, tax knowledge, and tax morale. Thus, the researcher advises to the KPP and Tax <br />Directorate, as the governmental body that manages the tax.The organization is advised to routinely uses tax <br />socialization, tax knowledge, and doing routine training to increase the tax morale, as an effort to increase the <br />taxpayer’s compliance.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/444 Law Enforcement Against Racial And Ethnic Discrimination In Criminal Law Perspective 2022-08-18T01:26:26+00:00 Sesilia Barek Duli sesiliasamory006@gmail.com <p>Human life is always discrimination between humans and other humans. Human civilization always develops every age <br />with various technologies and paradigms of people's lives that have an impact on certain superior and minority human <br />groups. The Indonesian state still has a calculation in discriminatory behaviour in accordance with legal, economic and <br />socio-cultural policies to provide preservation of certain political policies only, therefore the state must increase the <br />perception of individual views to the community and certain groups. The State of Indonesia is committed to upholding <br />and respecting human rights which have been regulated in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The 1945 <br />Constitution has provided arrangements related to constitutional rights with the statement that everyone has the right <br />not to get discriminatory treatment from others or certain parties. Discriminatory treatment in the State of Indonesia has <br />a fairly high potential, due to the very large population of Indonesia and different ethnicities, races, cultures and <br />languages, plus the level of education and the economy is relatively low. Therefore, a legal umbrella is needed to avoid <br />the behaviour and consistency of people who discriminate against a person or group in the State of Indonesia by <br />establishing laws and regulations as an effort to protect the law and increase public awareness in dealing with one <br />another.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/466 Management Program Vocational For Fostering The Independence Of Deaf Students At The High School Level 2022-08-28T16:44:06+00:00 Sima Mulyadi henisupriatna@gmail.com Supyan Sauri henisupriatna@gmail.com Heni Handayani henisupriatna@gmail.com <p>This research is entitled Analysis of Rice Farmers' Income (Cultivators) in the Profit Sharing System in Moyo Hilir, <br />Sumbawa Districts in 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine the income of farmers in the profit sharing system <br />in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District in 2022 and to find out the income of farmers in the profit sharing system in Moyo Hilir, <br />Sumbawa District in 2022, is above or below the need for a decent living. The data collection uses sample survey method, <br />which is a method of data collection carried out by withdrawing part of the population unit that is considered to represent <br />the characteristics of the population in question (Moh. Nazir, 1999). Results of Analysis Data obtained by cultivators in <br />Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District, based on the average level of fulfillment of needs for each cultivator farmer, is only able to <br />meet the needs of a decent life of 32,961 percent. with a profit sharing system in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District and is <br />classified as farmers who are not yet prosperous based on the results of research conducted on 11 respondents as research <br />samples. The conclusion from the results of the study is that there is not a single cultivator farmer who is able to meet the <br />financing of their decent living needs up to 100 percent. The contribution of their net income from profit-sharing <br />agricultural products in meeting the needs of a decent life ranges from 31.14 percent to 55.89 percent only. Based on the <br />results of the study, the net income received by cultivator farmers who are used as respondents can be said to be sufficient <br />to meet the needs of life. The highest net income is 2,757,332 rupiah per month, while the lowest net income after profit <br />sharing is 2,103,365 rupiah per month. With an average net income per month of 2,387,295 rupiah, cultivators already <br />feel prosperous and sufficient with their income. However, there are also some farmers who say that they are not yet <br />prosperous or not satisfied with their income. Statistically based on the KHL standard of Sumbawa District, on average <br />each Cultivator in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District is still classified as not prosperous. This is because the income of <br />cultivators in the profit-sharing system is still far below the Standard of Kebutuhan Hidup Layak (KHL).</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/462 Analysis Of Rice Farmers Income (Cultivators) On Profit Sharing System In Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa Districts In 2022 2022-08-22T07:38:00+00:00 Zainal Arifin Arifin_zainal@upatma.ac.id Baharuddin Baharuddin Arifin_zainal@upatma.ac.id Indra Kusumawati Arifin_zainal@upatma.ac.id <p>This research is entitled Analysis of Rice Farmers' Income (Cultivators) in the Profit Sharing System in Moyo Hilir, <br />Sumbawa Districts in 2022. The purpose of this study was to determine the income of farmers in the profit sharing system <br />in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District in 2022 and to find out the income of farmers in the profit sharing system in Moyo Hilir, <br />Sumbawa District in 2022, is above or below the need for a decent living. The data collection uses sample survey method, <br />which is a method of data collection carried out by withdrawing part of the population unit that is considered to represent <br />the characteristics of the population in question (Moh. Nazir, 1999). Results of Analysis Data obtained by cultivators in <br />Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District, based on the average level of fulfillment of needs for each cultivator farmer, is only able to <br />meet the needs of a decent life of 32,961 percent. with a profit sharing system in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District and is <br />classified as farmers who are not yet prosperous based on the results of research conducted on 11 respondents as research <br />samples. The conclusion from the results of the study is that there is not a single cultivator farmer who is able to meet the <br />financing of their decent living needs up to 100 percent. The contribution of their net income from profit-sharing <br />agricultural products in meeting the needs of a decent life ranges from 31.14 percent to 55.89 percent only. Based on the <br />results of the study, the net income received by cultivator farmers who are used as respondents can be said to be sufficient <br />to meet the needs of life. The highest net income is 2,757,332 rupiah per month, while the lowest net income after profit <br />sharing is 2,103,365 rupiah per month. With an average net income per month of 2,387,295 rupiah, cultivators already <br />feel prosperous and sufficient with their income. However, there are also some farmers who say that they are not yet <br />prosperous or not satisfied with their income. Statistically based on the KHL standard of Sumbawa District, on average <br />each Cultivator in Moyo Hilir, Sumbawa District is still classified as not prosperous. This is because the income of <br />cultivators in the profit-sharing system is still far below the Standard of Kebutuhan Hidup Layak (KHL).</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/416 A Management To Strengthening Islamic Boarding Schools’ Quality Graduates 2022-07-16T16:29:48+00:00 Siti Nurhayati nurdiar67@gmail.com Iim Wasliman nurdiar67@gmail.com Sofyan Sauri nurdiar67@gmail.com Daeng Arifin nurdiar67@gmail.com <p>The research aims to explore and observe a management to strengthening Islamic Boarding Schools Graduates in <br />Indonesian context. This research uses a qualitative approach because this research aims to describe and analyze <br />the process of strengthening graduates in perspective of management. Various data collection techniques are used <br />including: observation, interview, documentation study, literature studies and triangulation. The result shows the <br />planning, implementation, evaluation, and follow-up stage supported to realize academic and non-academic <br />graduates’ quality, as well as to develop cultural values and character that can be implemented in everyday life <br />but still not able to be done to the fullest. At the planning stage, it can be interpreted that the program planning <br />has been prepared oriented to the quality that can be realized optimally. The implementation in improving <br />graduates quality conducted in both Islamic schools, includes: Curriculum Development, Learning Activities, <br />Educator and Educational Personnel Competency Improvement Activities, Student and Extracurricular Activities, <br />Facilities Management Activities and Infrastructure, Financing Management, Partnership Activities and society’s <br />role. In the supervision and evaluation part, is done to ensure management to strengthen the graduates is in <br />accordance with planning. To sum up, the management has not been able to be done optimally, because it cannot <br />carry out the face-to-face learning process followed by all learners, such as normal condition so that many <br />obstacles faced by teachers and by learners.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/429 Academic Supervision Of Madrasah Heads In Improving Teacher Performance In Karawang State Madrasah Aliyah 2022-07-31T15:02:54+00:00 Siti Jaenab Sitijenab.s3.23@gmail.com Sutaryat Trisnamansyah yatsutaryat@ymail.com Sofyan Sauri sofyansauri@upi.edu Hanafiah hanafiah@uninus.ac.id <p><em>Teacher performance is an important aspect of improving the quality of education in Indonesia. Academic supervision of madrasah principals is one of the functions of education management that will help teachers improve their performance on an ongoing basis. This study aims to investigate and provide an overview of improving teacher performance through the academic supervision of the madrasah principal at Madrasah Aliyah Negeri Karawang. This research is a qualitative descriptive study involving the principal, teachers, and stakeholders in data collection. Data was collected through observation, interviews, and written document studies. Data analysis uses data reduction, presentation, and leverage techniques. The results of this study indicate that the academic supervision of the head of Madrasah Aliyah Negeri Karawang is effective in improving teacher performance. The principal of the madrasah does good and systematic planning, good communication between the madrasah principal, the supervision team and the teachers so as to support harmony in achieving the goals of supervision and changes in the expected performance improvement. The example of the madrasa principal in providing instructions, motivation and coaching is a factor supporting the success of academic supervision. still teachers with performance that requires improvement, but follow-up supervision can continue to be carried out by providing opportunities for teachers to continue to improve their performance through direct coaching by the principal, being included in the evaluation of KTSP learning training, and instructed to conduct competency improvement learning through the Subject Teacher Consultation</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/435 The Effect Of Leadership, Organizational Culture, Commitment, And Teacher Competency On Teacher Performance 2022-08-11T11:05:59+00:00 Sri Satata srisatata@gmail.com Sutaryat Trisnamansyah srisatata@gmail.com Heru Sujiarto srisatata@gmail.com Usep Kosasih srisatata@gmail.com <p>This study aims to determine: (1) the influence of the principal's leadership on the performance of West Jakarta <br />Senior High School teachers, (2) the influence of organizational culture on the performance of West Jakarta <br />State Senior High School teachers, (3) the influence of organizational commitment on the performance of West <br />Jakarta State Senior High School teachers, (4 ) the influence of teacher competence on teacher performance at <br />SMAN West Jakarta, and (5) the influence of principal leadership, organizational culture, organizational <br />commitment and teacher competence on teacher performance at SMAN West Jakarta. This study uses a <br />descriptive method with a quantitative approach. The population in this study were all teachers at SMAN West <br />Jakarta, totaling 727 teachers, while the sample consisted of 100 teachers from 4 SMAN West Jakarta selected <br />randomly. The research instrument used a Likert scale which was modified into 9 choices, consisting of 49 <br />statement items spread over five research variables. The results of the analysis show (1) the principal's <br />leadership has a positive and significant effect on teacher performance, with a fairly strong level of influence <br />(2) organizational culture has a positive and significant effect on teacher performance, with a fairly strong <br />level of influence (3) organizational commitment has a positive and significant effect on teacher performance. <br />significant effect on teacher performance, with a strong level of influence (4) teacher competence has a positive <br />and significant effect on teacher performance, with a strong level of influence and (5) principal leadership, <br />organizational culture commitment and teacher competence together have a positive and significant effect on <br />teacher performance, with a strong level of influence.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/467 Sufism Approach Management in Fostering Students' Noble Morals 2022-08-24T01:53:29+00:00 Supriatna Supriatna supriatnanurul@Gmail.com Ulfiah Ulfiah supriatnanurul@Gmail.com Hanafiah Hanafiah supriatnanurul@Gmail.com Faiz Karim Fatkhullah supriatnanurul@Gmail.com <p><em>This research is based on the problem that the social conditions that occur in the community greatly affect life at school, either directly or indirectly, not only in high-level schools. The problems include violations of the norms prevailing in society. The problems that are often encountered are the presence of students who lack respect for the teacher, brawls, violence between other students, fornography and so on. Another thing that is considered to be an influence on student development is the progress of technology and information today, especially the use of social media, infiltration because the maturity and mental readiness of students has not been balanced. Therefore, the implementation of moral development is starting to become a necessity in educational institutions, in finding solutions. This research aims to identify and analyze: (1) Planning, (2) Organizing, (3) Implementation, (4) Supervision, (5) Obstacles in implementation and (6) Solutions to the problem of implementing the Sufism approach in fostering the noble character of junior high school students. This research uses a qualitative approach with a case study method. Data was collected by using triangulation techniques using interviews, document studies, and field observations. The research location is SMP Plus Darussurur and SMP Raodlotul U'lum Bandung. The research subjects were the principal, the head of the plus program and the head of the boarding school and teachers. Analysis is done through data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. Four important foundations used in this research include theological, philosophical, 6 (six) value systems and theoretical foundations. Then the theory underlying this research is the theory of management, noble character and the theory of tawasuf. The conclusion from this research is that the management approach of Sufism habituation in fostering noble character has been well programmed and shows that there is a common perception from the foundation leadership, school principals, and teachers and students, but in its implementation it has not been effective because it is still found that student behavior is not appropriate. with the demands of the noble character of students.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/437 Implementation Of Principal Transformational Leadership In Improving Teacher Performance In State Junior High Schools 2022-08-15T08:18:37+00:00 Susilawati Susilawati siesie194@gmail.com Sutaryat Trisnamansyah siesie194@gmail.com Sufyan Sauri siesie194@gmail.com Cahya Saodih siesie194@gmail.com <p><em>This research is motivated by the quality of education in Indonesia which is still static, especially in terms of the performance aspect of teachers as educators. The principal's leadership style is believed to be able to improve the performance of teachers who are considered less than optimal in improving the performance of junior high school teachers to be better and more focused according to transformational leadership indicators including programs, charisma, individual sensitivity, intellectual stimulation, and inspiration for principals in improving teacher performance at SMPN 167 and SMPN 234 Jakarta. In addition, the analysis is specifically aimed at finding out the obstacles and solutions for the principal's leadership in improving teacher performance. The research method used is descriptive qualitative research with a philosophical foundation of progressivism. The results of the study found that:</em><em>(1) The principal program of SMPN 167 Jakarta in improving teacher performance refers to the main competencies, namely: pedagogic, personality, social, and professional. Meanwhile, the principal of SMPN 234 Jakarta added managerial competence to the program; (2) The transformational leadership charisma of principals at SMPN 167 and SMPN 234 Jakarta can be seen from the principal who is able to become a teacher figure, respects others, is an inspiration and is capable of making teachers prioritize common interests over personal interests; (3) The individual sensitivity of the principal can be seen in terms of being able to observe, appreciate and motivate teachers, such as some teachers being able to participate in the driving teacher program. (4) The principal's intellectual stimulus is found in the wide space in expressing opinions, updating the way of making rules and agreements, and modeling an innovative, hard working and professional attitude; (5) The principal's inspiration can be found when expressing the school's vision and mission; (6) In addition, the obstacles faced by school principals in improving teacher performance are weak human resources and inadequate infrastructure. SMPN 167 Jakarta also has obstacles regarding financing, there are still facilities that are not covered in the RKAS (7) The solution that can be given is that the principal can provide opportunities for teachers to attend certain workshops and training to support better teacher performance and better learning facilities. more comfortable for school residents, especially teachers. (5) The principal's inspiration can be found when expressing the school's vision and mission; (6) In addition, the obstacles faced by school principals in improving teacher performance are weak human resources and inadequate infrastructure. SMPN 167 Jakarta also has obstacles regarding financing, there are still facilities that are not covered in the RKAS (7) The solution that can be given is that the principal can provide opportunities for teachers to attend certain workshops and training to support better teacher performance and better learning facilities. more comfortable for school residents, especially teachers. (5) The principal's inspiration can be found when expressing the school's vision and mission; (6) In addition, the obstacles faced by school principals in improving teacher performance are weak human resources and inadequate infrastructure. SMPN 167 Jakarta also has obstacles regarding financing, there are still facilities that are not covered in the RKAS (7) The solution that can be given is that the principal can provide opportunities for teachers to attend certain workshops and training to support better teacher performance and better learning facilities. more comfortable for school residents, especially teachers.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/451 Legal Review On The Consensuality Principle Of Buy And Sale Contract In Property Rights Object (Comparison Between The Civil Code And Islamic Law) 2022-08-19T01:20:18+00:00 Sutriyono Sutriyono sutriyono@walisongo.ac.id <p>The purpose of this study is first, to examine and analyze the sale and purchase contract in the Civil Code. Second, to <br />examine and analyze the similarities and differences between the Civil Code and Islamic law on the principle of <br />consensuality in buying and selling contracts. This research method uses a normative juridical approach. This study <br />emphasizes the steps of normative and qualitative juridical analysis. Based on the theme of this study, and the <br />formulation of the problem, the researchers used a normative juridical approach. The specification of this research is <br />descriptive analytical research. The results of the study show that 1) In the Civil Code, consensuality is the main cause of <br />buying and selling. At the moment of agreement, the sale and purchase has occurred. Likewise in Islamic law, the <br />agreement is an element of buying and selling, but it is not enough just to agree, but the terms and conditions of sale and <br />purchase must be fulfilled. Therefore, Islamic law adheres to the principle of consensuality accompanied by other <br />requirements. 2) The implications of applying Article 1458 of the Civil Code are positive and negative. The positive is <br />that people will easily make a sale and purchase agreement. But along with that there is a negative that is very easy for <br />fraud or fraud from one party.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/469 Dual Based Assessment in Improving the Quality of Skills at the Center of Excellence Vocational School 2022-08-24T01:50:41+00:00 Suwandi Suwandi wandycrb@gmail.com Hanafiah Hanafiah wandycrb@gmail.com Yosal Iriantara wandycrb@gmail.com Rita Sulastini wandycrb@gmail.com <p><em>This research is motivated by various problems related to the quality and relevance of Indonesian education which are the main issues. Indicators of quality education are marked by graduates who have superior competencies and are able to compete in the business world and industry for graduates from Vocational Secondary Education. Quality vocational education applying quality standards can contribute to the country's economic development, but it still cannot be realized optimally at the time of its implementation. Such conditions occur in SMK graduates in Indonesia so that the open unemployment of SMK graduates is getting bigger. It is interesting to do further research to find out why and how this happened and find solutions to the problems faced. Dual Based Assessment (DuBA) on the vocational skills aspect is expected to be a solution in ensuring the quality of skills at the Center of Excellence Vocational High School and Vocational Schools in general. In particular, this study describes and analyzes the "Daming Cycle" quality management approach from William Edward Deming, with its management principles approach which include: Plan, Do, Check and Action Dual Based Assessment in Improving Skills Quality at SMK Center of Excellence. The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach through interview data collection techniques, documentation studies and observations at the research location of Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School, West Java. The results obtained in this study In particular, this study describes and analyzes the "Daming Cycle" quality management approach from William Edward Deming, with its management principles approach which include: Plan, Do, Check and Action Dual Based Assessment in Improving Skills Quality at SMK Center of Excellence. The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach through interview data collection techniques, documentation studies and observations at the research location of Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School, West Java. The results obtained in this study In particular, this study describes and analyzes the "Daming Cycle" quality management approach from William Edward Deming, with its management principles approach which include: Plan, Do, Check and Action Dual Based Assessment in Improving Skills Quality at SMK Center of Excellence. The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach through interview data collection techniques, documentation studies and observations at the research location of Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School, West Java. The results obtained in this study The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach through interview data collection techniques, documentation studies and observations at the research location of Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School, West Java. The results obtained in this study The research method used is qualitative with a case study approach through interview data collection techniques, documentation studies and observations at the research location of Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School, West Java. The results obtained in this study</em> <em>The quality of the results of the DuBA approach at Pertiwi Kuningan Vocational School has led the school to become one of the Center of Excellence Vocational Schools in West Java so that it deserves to be a reference vocational school that has the obligation to carry out an impacting program on the surrounding vocational schools. The quality of skills in Axioo's Industrial Class has contributed to the decline in the unemployment rate for vocational school graduates, on the other hand, these graduates have been able to participate in driving the economy on a micro scale by becoming employees in various business fields and opening up entrepreneurial opportunities.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/470 Online Tutorial And Webinar Tutorial Management On Distence Learning Process At Indonesia Open University 2022-08-26T17:02:59+00:00 Iwan Budiarso budiarso.iwan@gmail.com Hendi Suhendraya Muchtar budiarso.iwan@gmail.com Suharyanto H Soro budiarso.iwan@gmail.com Dinny Mardiana budiarso.iwan@gmail.com <pre style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: normal; background: #F8F9FA;"><em><span style="font-size: 9.0pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif'; color: #202124; background: #F8F9FA;">The Open University provides study assistance services to students in the form of a Tutorial program. The implementation of the Tutorial managed by the Tutor as a facilitator has not run optimally. This situation becomes the background of the research problem. The purpose of this research is to analyze the management of Tuton and Tuweb tutors. The theory used is in the form of management functions initiated by Terry. This research is a descriptive study with a qualitative approach that reveals the situation by describing the reality correctly and naturally in the distance learning procession. Data was collected through observation, interviews, documentation, and triangulation. The data obtained were then reduced, presented, and concluded. The results of the research generally reveal that management functions have been carried out but their implementation has not been fully implemented. Specific conclusions show (1) Planning: carrying out tutorial preparation meetings and tutor evaluations. (2) Organizing: determine the standardization of Tutors, standardization of recruitment, employment contracts, letters of assignment, and decrees for Tutors Tutons, and letters of assignments for Tutors Tuwebs. (3) Mobilization: organizing Tutor training and refreshment, Whatsapp Group communication, providing reminders and motivation, (4). Controlling: Tuton tutors do not have a routine control schedule yet. Tuweb tutors have a regular control schedule. (5) There are obstacles and solutions as well as future improvements. From these general and specific conclusions, the researcher recommends the Tutor management model to maximize the Tutor management which will have implications for improving the Tutor's performance in managing the Tutorial class.</span></em></pre> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/450 The Process Of Settlement Of Drug Crime Cases With Child Perpetrators Through A Restorative Justice Approach At The Semarang Police Station 2022-08-19T01:18:43+00:00 Tri Yuli Arfianto triyuli.untag@gmail.com <p>Child protection is any activity that guarantees and protects children and their rights so that they can live, grow, develop <br />and participate optimally in accordance with human dignity and protection from violence and discrimination. Children <br />who violate the law are strongly influenced by several factors outside of the child because criminal acts committed by <br />children are generally a process of imitating or being influenced by negative actions from adults or people around them. <br />The application of criminal punishment can not fully educate children to be better, but can worsen conditions and can <br />increase the level of child crime. Protection of children in conflict with the law is very necessary, considering that <br />children who are dealing with the law are in situations and conditions beyond their mental and psychological abilities and <br />are in the process of being examined at the investigation stage. Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Criminal Justice <br />System for Children, has included a concept in the settlement of juvenile criminal cases, namely the concept of Restorative <br />Justice. This concept is carried out in the settlement of criminal acts by involving the perpetrator, the victim, the family of <br />the perpetrator / victim, and other related parties to jointly seek a fair solution by emphasizing restoration to its original <br />state, and not retaliation. considering that children who are dealing with the law are in situations and conditions beyond <br />their mental and psychological abilities and are in the process of being examined at the investigation stage. Law Number <br />11 of 2012 concerning the Criminal Justice System for Children, has included a concept in the settlement of juvenile <br />criminal cases, namely the concept of Restorative Justice. This concept is carried out in the settlement of criminal acts by <br />involving the perpetrator, the victim, the family of the perpetrator / victim, and other related parties to jointly seek a fair <br />solution by emphasizing restoration to its original state, and not retaliation. considering that children who are dealing <br />with the law are in situations and conditions beyond their mental and psychological abilities and are in the process of <br />being examined at the investigation stage. Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Criminal Justice System for Children, <br />has included a concept in the settlement of juvenile criminal cases, namely the concept of Restorative Justice. This concept <br />is carried out in the settlement of criminal acts by involving the perpetrator, the victim, the family of the perpetrator / <br />victim, and other related parties to jointly seek a fair solution by emphasizing restoration to its original state, and not <br />retaliation. has included a concept in the settlement of juvenile criminal cases, namely the concept of Restorative Justice. <br />This concept is carried out in the settlement of criminal acts by involving the perpetrator, the victim, the family of the <br />perpetrator / victim, and other related parties to jointly seek a fair solution by emphasizing restoration to its original <br />state, and not retaliation. has included a concept in the settlement of juvenile criminal cases, namely the concept of <br />Restorative Justice. This concept is carried out in the settlement of criminal acts by involving the perpetrator, the victim,<br />the family of the perpetrator / victim, and other related parties to jointly seek a fair solution by emphasizing restoration to <br />its original state, and not retaliation.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/461 The Effect Of Tax Avoidance, Company Size And Assets Structure On Capital Structure With Return On Equity As A Mediation Variable In Public Soe Companies Listed On Idx Period 2017-2021 2022-08-21T06:41:48+00:00 Trinita Trinita riritrisia2022@gmail.com Rasinta Ria Ginting riritrisia2022@gmail.com H. Adam Afiezan riritrisia2022@gmail.com RSA RSA riritrisia2022@gmail.com CJAT CJAT riritrisia2022@gmail.com <p>This study aims to examine and analyze the effect of Tax Avoidance, Company Size and Asset Structure on Capital Structure <br />with Return On Equity as a mediating variable in public BUMN companies listed on the IDX for the period 2017 - 2021. <br />This study is a quantitative study with the documentation method. The population of this research is state-owned companies <br />that go public listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange during the 2020 period, totaling 15 companies. The sample of this <br />research is 12 companies selected by purposive sampling technique. Data analysis used path analysis with SPSS as the <br />analysis tool. The results show that 1) Tax Avoidance has a negative effect on Return On Equity, 2) Firm Size has a positive <br />effect on Return On Equity, 3) Asset Structure has no effect on Return On Equity, 4) Tax Avoidance has no effect on Capital <br />Structure, 5) Size Companies have a positive effect on Capital Structure, 6) Asset Structure has no effect on Capital <br />Structure, 7) Return On Equity has no effect on Capital Structure, 8) Return On Equity as an intervening variable is not <br />able to significantly mediate Tax Avoidance on Capital Structure, 9) Return On Equity as an intervening variable is not <br />able to significantly mediate Firm Size on Capital Structure and 10) Return On Equity as an intervening variable is not able <br />to significantly mediate Asset Structure on Capital Structure.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/452 Effectiveness Of E-Government Implementation In Public Services In The Land Office Of Semarang City 2022-08-19T01:23:58+00:00 Widodo Prayogo widodo.untag@gmail.com <p>The development of increasingly sophisticated information technology requires that the public service system must be <br />upgraded to an electronic system. One way is to implement the E-Government system in realizing electronic-based <br />government. The E-Government system is intended to make government administration easier, faster, transparent, and <br />effective. The E-Government system is determined by the principles of good governance, such as law enforcement, <br />efficiency and effectiveness of state administration, public participation and justice. The implementation of the system <br />involves human resources who can support the application of the system and also provide information to the public <br />regarding the use of the E-Government system. Legal regulations related to the E-Government system have been stated <br />in Presidential Instruction Number 3 of 2003 concerning National Policies and Strategies for E-Government <br />Development, where the rapid advancement of communication and information technology and the potential for its <br />widespread use can open up access, management and utilization of information in capacity. large ones quickly and <br />accurately. This study uses a normative juridical approach which analyzes the results of research in the field with <br />applicable legal regulations. A qualitative approach is used to emphasize the aspect of in-depth understanding of a <br />problem. The purpose of this paper is to determine the implementation of the E-Government system in public services <br />at the Semarang City Land Office, Of course, since the pandemic, the E-Government system can be a solution in terms <br />of public services, given the limitations of the public to come directly. The implementation cannot be separated from <br />the obstacles that occur, so it can be seen the obstacles and the solutions provided so that the use of the E-Government <br />system can be even better.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/463 Development Of First High School Mathematics LKPD Based On Case Method Integrated Local Culture Mandailing Tribe 2022-08-22T07:45:23+00:00 Prihatin Ningsih Sagala alfathmommy81@gmail.com Pristi Suhendro L alfathmommy81@gmail.com Eri Widyastuti alfathmommy81@gmail.com <p>Learning is a process of interaction between students and teachers, with lesson <br />materials, delivery methods, learning strategies and learning resources in a learning <br />environment. The success of learning can be seen through the level of success in <br />achieving educational goals. Education is a conscious and planned effort to create a <br />learning atmosphere and learning process so that students actively develop their <br />potential to have religious spiritual strength, self-control, personality, intelligence, <br />noble character, and skills needed by themselves, society, nation and state, and have <br />global mindset. The implementation of learning with the case method model is carried <br />out to overcome the problems that arise as a result of the Limited Face-to-face <br />Learning (PTMT) policy, such as less active student learning activities, low student <br />learning responses and low student learning outcomes. Junior high school students <br />belonging to the Generation Z category have an attitude of openness, this generation <br />accepts various views and mindsets, causing them to easily accept diversity and <br />differences in views. As a result, Gen Z becomes difficult to define themselves, selfidentity changes based on the factors that influence their thinking. Therefore, it is very <br />important to restore national identity or introduce the cultural identity of the <br />surrounding community so as not to be eroded by the development of the outside <br />world which makes generation Z forget local culture, one of which is the Mandailing <br />Tribe Culture in North Sumatra. The development research uses the ADDIE Model by <br />integrating the Local Culture of the Mandailing Tribe in North Sumatra in developing <br />the Mathematics LKPD for Grade VII Junior High Schools based on students' initial <br />perceptions of the current condition of Generation Z. The use of the Case Method <br />approach aims to improve students' critical thinking skills based on the cases <br />presented in the teaching materials.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/445 Legal Consequences Of Default In Land Sale And Purchase Agreements Under The Hand 2022-08-18T01:23:50+00:00 Yunus Al Imron alimronyunus@gmail.com <p>The transfer of land rights can occur in accordance with the provisions of Article 20 paragraph (2) of the UUPA <br />which contains provisions that property rights can be transferred and transferred, for example the death of the land <br />owner. This legally makes the ownership rights to the land transfer to the heirs as long as they meet the requirements <br />as the subject of property rights. The formulation of the problem: (1) Is buying and selling land under the law legal? <br />(2) What are the factors that cause the sale and purchase of underhand land to still occur? (3) What are the legal <br />consequences of both parties with the sale and purchase under the hand?. The research method used is normative <br />juridical. The data source is primary data, secondary data. Data were collected by interview and literature study, data <br />were analyzed using qualitative analysis. The results of this study (1) Although customary law confirms the legality of <br />buying and selling land rights that are not carried out before the Land Deed Maker Official, in this case the buyer has <br />difficulty proving his rights to the land he has purchased. (2) Factors that cause the sale buying land with ownership <br />rights through private deeds for village communities: the community avoids quite expensive costs, second: community <br />knowledge regarding the procedures for buying and selling land, third: community motivation related to the high level <br />of mutual trust between each other in buying and selling land. (3) Village communities do a lot of buying and selling <br />under their hands, namely buying and selling carried out in front of the village head, but if there are people who want <br />to get a land certificate in his name, then resale is carried out in accordance with the applicable legal rules.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/446 The Role And Strategy Of The Traffic Police Of The Central Java Police To Reduce The Number Of Accidents 2022-08-19T00:57:44+00:00 Jati Mustiko malkia.mustiko@gmail.com <p>Traffic problems are a problem that often gets the public's attention, because traffic has a very strategic role in <br />supporting development and national integration as an effort to promote public welfare, as mandated in the 1945 <br />Constitution which is part of the national transportation system. The formulation of the problem is what is the definition <br />and form of traffic violations? What are the factors that cause people to violate traffic? What is the role and strategy of <br />the Traffic Police of the Central Java Police in reducing the number of accidents? The type of research used is empirical <br />juridical research or field research, namely examining applicable legal provisions and what is happening in reality in <br />society. Or in other words, a research conducted on the actual situation or real conditions that occur in the community <br />with the intention of knowing and finding the facts and data needed. The conclusion is the role and strategy of the <br />Ditlantas Polda Central Java in reducing the number of traffic accidents includes pre-emptive efforts which are basically <br />in the form of coaching, education on positive activities and socialization about traffic safety for the community, <br />Implementing preventive efforts in the form of controlling, regulating traffic , and monitoring accident-prone lanes, and <br />collaborating with relevant stakeholders such as the Department of Transportation, the TNI, and the Satlantas Polres <br />from the Central Java Regional Police and repressive efforts, namely by enforcing the law for traffic violators in the form <br />of warnings, tickets, fines and confiscation,</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/400 Koi Fish Cultivator Marketing Strategy During The Pandemic In Ciseeng, Bogor Regency 2022-06-22T05:03:53+00:00 Sholikatus Sa'diyah imam.subchi@uinjkt.ac.id Agus Rifai imam.subchi@uinjkt.ac.id Imam Subchi imam.subchi@uinjkt.ac.id <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on various sectors in <br />Indonesia. One of the sectors affected is koi fish farming in <br />Ciseeng, Bogor Regency. This study focuses on the strategies used <br />by ornamental koi fish cultivators in Ciseeng, Bogor Regency <br />during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research methodology used by <br />the researcher is a qualitative method with a three-month field<br />study from August to October 2021. By using participatory <br />observation and in-depth interviews as data collection methods, <br />plus purposive sampling method as a subject determination. The <br />results of this study are; During the pandemic, koi fish farmers in <br />Cibogo Village, Ciseeng, Bogor Regency do side jobs to maintain <br />and increase income. The side jobs carried out by the cultivators <br />include being construction workers, as well as other fish farming. <br />During the pandemic, only one farmer tried to market online, <br />while the other 14 did traditional marketing. This is because the <br />cultivators do not receive marketing strategy training or assistance <br />from the local government</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/427 Factors Affecting Public Service Innovation At The Investment And One Stop Service Office, North Buton 2022-07-31T14:57:00+00:00 Adrian Tawai adriantawai@uho.ac.id Fahril Muchtasar adriantawai@uho.ac.id Arifin Utha adriantawai@uho.ac.id <p>Public service is a very important element in the administration of government because it involves very <br />broad aspects of life and the government has the function of providing various public services needed, <br />especially to meet the needs of the community in various aspects of life. This study aims to examine the <br />factors that influence the innovation of public services at the Investment and One Stop Service Office of <br />North Buton Regency. The research method using qualitative research is descriptively analyzed which is <br />obtained directly from the results of observations, both document studies and documentation based on the <br />facts at the research location. The results showed that the factors influencing public service innovation at <br />the One Stop Investment and One Stop Service Office of North Buton Regency were political encouragement, <br />economic pressure and increased efficiency, pressure to improve service quality, organizational culture and <br />arrangement, rewards or incentives, inability to face risks. and change, short-term budgeting and planning, <br />and a culture of risk aversion.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/438 Duties And Responsibilities Of Customary Functionaries In The Implementation Of The Indigenous Government System In Nafri Village 2022-08-18T01:22:01+00:00 Sara Ida Magdalena Awi saraveral86@gmail.com I Wayan Windia wayan_windia@unud.ac.id A. A Istri Ari Atu Dewi ari_atudewi@unud.ac.id A. A Gede Oka Parwata oka_parwata@unud.ac.id Edy Nurcahyo cahyonur3dy@gmail.com <p>The purpose of writing this article is to find out the role of customary functionaries in running the customary government system and the cooperative relations between these traditional partners in carrying out the customary government system for the indigenous people in Nafri Village. Both traditional partners from Nafri Village and also traditional partners from outside Nafri Village. This research can be categorized in the type of research with empirical aspects, because here we see the role of customary functionaries in the implementation of customary government law in the Nafri customary law community who sees the role of customary functionaries being carried out in reality. From the results of the study, it was revealed that customary functionaries have a very important role in carrying out the customary government system in the indigenous people of Nafri Village, both on ontofro and whase ontofro. And also these traditional functionaries have a cooperative relationship with traditional partners, both those from within the Nafri village itself and also traditional partners with villages from outside the Nafri village.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/473 Mechanism Of Paying Compensation In Land Acquisition To Land Owners 2022-08-30T16:37:48+00:00 Lasro Akmal Siregar kartinapakpahan@unprimdn.ac.id Kartina Pakpahan kartinapakpahan@unprimdn.ac.id Elvira Fitriyani Pakpahan kartinapakpahan@unprimdn.ac.id <p><em>The land issue is an issue that affects the most basic rights of the people. Because it has a social function other than economic value, so that individual interests on land are sacrificed for common purposes. The purpose of this study is to analyze the payment of compensation for land acquisition in cash and in kind, to identify and analyze the land acquisition process based on Law no. 2 of 2012, as well as explaining the concept and its provisions. To investigate and analyze. This is done by searching for relevant regulations and literature through the search for library materials as a starting material for investigation, using normative legal procedures for problem analysis. Depending on the issue being investigated, the matter will be carried out to analyze the legal regulations in the area of ​​implementing the release of property rights. The results of the examination show that the payment of compensation for the purchase of land can be in the form of cash or non-cash. Change of money, land, resettlement. The land acquisition process that is being developed based on Law no. 2 of 2012 through three stages: The process of planning, compiling and implementing remuneration, concepts and regulations in land acquisition must be carried out in accordance with laws and regulations so that it is fair and does not harm the government or land owners.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/471 Batang Arau River Analysis As New Potential Original Local Government Revenue Of Padang City-Indonesia 2022-08-30T16:34:07+00:00 Yosi Suryani yosisuryani@pnp.ac.id Rudy Rinaldy yosisuryani@pnp.ac.id <p>This study aims to analyze the Batang Arau River as one of the potential sources of Padang City's new Original <br />Local Government Revenue from 2017-2021 how much is the projected potential OLGR generated in 2022 as other <br />legitimate OLGR other income. Primary data sources are observations and interviews with the Padang City <br />Regional Revenue Agency and the community around the Batang Arau River. Secondary data was obtained from <br />BPS in 2021. The formula for processing data is the reference of Syafruddin (2002), which compares the realization <br />of levy receipts for ships anchored in the Batang Arau River with the realization of regional revenues, multiplied by <br />100%.The results showed an increase in Padang City OLGR in 2017: 0.23%, 2018: 0.18%, 2019: 0.23%, 2020: <br />0.22% and in 2021: 0.25% of the realized value OLGR achieved. The average percentage increase in OLGR over <br />five years is 0.22%. The projected addition of OLGR in 2022 is 0.18% of the PAD target to be achieved. It can be <br />concluded that this area can be a potential source of new OLGR by attracting a levy on ships on the river. The <br />difference between this article and the previous one is that it is found that the projection of the level of income <br />obtained from boat activities on the Batang Arau River for 2022 is found, while the previous article analyzed PAD <br />from 17 sectors as a source of regional income.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/479 The Effect Of Green Culture And Csr On Financial Performance With XBRL Application As Moderating Variables 2022-08-31T02:32:09+00:00 Selfiani Selfiani selfianiselfi@gmail.com Irma Yunita selfianiselfi@gmail.com <p><em>This study aims to examine the effect of green culture and CSR on financial performance with the application of XBRL as a moderating variable. This research method uses quantitative and secondary data. The sample used in this study is manufacturing companies listed on the IDX in 2020 with the measurement of financial performance variables using the ROA formula, green culture using an index, CSR using an index, and the implementation of XBRL using an index. The stages for the analysis method are descriptive statistics analyzing the mean, minimum, maximum and standard deviation; assumption test: assumption of normality, assumption of absence of multicollinearity symptoms, assumption of autocorrelation, and assumption of heteroscedasticity; the normality test of the data, namely the Kolmogrof-Smirnov statistical test; determinant coefficient (R2); and hypothesis testing. The results show that green culture has a positive effect on financial performance, CSR has a positive effect on financial performance, the application of XBRL strengthens the relationship between green culture and financial performance, the application of XBRL strengthens the relationship between CSR and financial performance.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/476 The Effect Of Socialization, Taxpayer Awareness And Tax Morale On Taxpayer Compliance (Study On Smes Benai District Kuantan Singingi Regency) 2022-08-30T16:40:51+00:00 Dessy Kumala Dewi dessybundanyahirzi@gmail.com <p>The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of socialization, taxpayer awareness and tax morale on taxpayer <br />compliance. This research is an empirical study conducted on SMEs in Benai District Kuantan Singingi Regency. <br />This research design includes qualitative research. The population and sample in this study were SMEs in Benai <br />District, Kuantan Singingi Regency. Sampling was done through proportional random sampling. Data obtained <br />through the distribution of questionnaires. Data analysis regarding multiple linear regression and independent <br />sample t test with the help of SPSS software version 21. The results showed that: 1). socialization has no effect on <br />taxpayer compliance, 2). taxpayer awareness has no effect on taxpayer compliance, and 3). tax morale has a <br />significant effect on taxpayer compliance.</p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/478 Strengthening the School Literacy Movement: The Utilization of Literacycloud.com Technology to Improve Students' Interest in Reading 2022-08-30T17:11:03+00:00 Rohmatul Faizah rohmatulfaizah.ih@upnjatim.ac.id Ahmad Baedowi rohmatulfaizah.ih@upnjatim.ac.id Cholid Fadil rohmatulfaizah.ih@upnjatim.ac.id Mohammad Rifqi Rizqullah Ghozalie rohmatulfaizah.ih@upnjatim.ac.id <p><em>A great nation is a nation that not only utilizes its natural resources but also develops other potentials such as reading and writing as a bridge of civilization from one generation to another. Nowadays, technology is commonly used in all fields, including education, to increase the reading interest among students that are still very low. The School Literacy Movement (Gerakan Literasi Sekolah or GLS) is part of the implementation of the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture Number 23 the Year 2015 concerning "Business Character Development." It aims to foster a literacy culture and increase interest in reading, critical thinking, and problem-solving. This study aims to reveal the use of technology to support the policy of the school literacy movement using Literacycloud.com at SDN Nglumber II Kepohbaru Bojonegoro. The method used is descriptive qualitative with data sources in the form of interviews, literature reviews, field notes, and observations. The results showed that using Literacycloud technology synergized with the GLS policy program at SDN Nglumber II Kepohbaru Bojonegoro could improve students' reading interest. In addition, there are also inhibiting factors for the GLS program at SDN Nglumber II Kepohbaru Bojonegoro, including inadequate books and library space, the absence of a GLS bureaucratic structure, and low student awareness of reading.</em></p> 2022-09-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/481 Optimizing Counterradicalism For The Young Generation In Preventing Terrorist Radicalism Through State Minded In Action 2022-09-01T01:33:59+00:00 Hervina Puspitosari hervinafh@gmail.com Yana Indawati hervinafh@gmail.com Wiwin Yulianingsih hervinafh@gmail.com <p>Deradicalization is guided by counterterrorism preventive measures as a strategic effort in neutralizing ideas that are <br />considered radical and can be dangerous through a non-violent approach. This research was conducted with the aim of <br />knowing radicalism in the younger generation, especially in higher education through questionnaires and interviews with <br />related parties. Terrorism is currently a serious problem and endangers national security, so prevention efforts are <br />needed. The target of the spread of radical terrorism that has infiltrated the university environment needs to be prevented <br />and become a common concern, especially university leaders. The development of the radical flow of terrorism in the <br />university environment can endanger the unity of the state because universities are a place for educational candidates for <br />intellectuals, entrepreneurs, bureaucrats, technocrats and professionals. The aim of radicals is to bring about changes to <br />the roots and for this they always use violent methods and oppose the existing structure of society. So that joint efforts are <br />needed in preventing and overcoming the spread of radicalism, transformation of terrorism in universities. Efforts to <br />prevent the various factors that cause radicalism are carried out with policies contained in universities and local <br />governments through strengthening state minded in action among youth.</p> 2022-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/480 The Role Of Forensic Accounting Curriculum In Forensic Audit 2022-09-01T01:32:44+00:00 Rida Perwita Sari ridaps.ak@upnjatim.ac.id Agussalim Agussalim ridaps.ak@upnjatim.ac.id Muhamad Mahsun ridaps.ak@upnjatim.ac.id Rika Puspita Sari ridaps.ak@upnjatim.ac.id <p>The purpose of the study is to identify the gap between the practice requirements and the <br />outputs of the audit education and training center and to identify the contribution of the <br />forensic accounting curriculum in filling the gap. This study uses a quantitative approach. <br />The sample is 124 respondents with professional backgrounds as auditors and accountants <br />educators in Indonesia. The data collection method implemented in this research is the <br />survey method through the distribution of questionnaires and direct interview techniques <br />with the non-participatory observation which aims to find out more details about the case <br />being studied without actively involving the object of study. Furthermore, this study <br />explores the best possible strategies in shaping learning outcomes that are competent and <br />ready to practice as auditors based on various previous studies and contributes to auditing <br />education and training centers and universities by providing material for consideration in <br />the preparation of strategic plans and learning programs. This study can also contribute to <br />prospective auditors who are considering alternative audit training curricula by providing <br />various competency recommendations for the needs of current auditing practices.</p> 2022-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences https://ijersc.org/index.php/go/article/view/421 Online Learning Management During the Covid 19 Period (Descriptive Study At 5 Elementary Schools In Karawang Regency) 2022-07-21T01:46:59+00:00 Sifa Fauziah Sifa_uninuss320@yahoo.com King King Muttaqien Sifa_uninuss320@yahoo.com Nandang Koswara Sifa_uninuss320@yahoo.com <p><em>The research in the form of a dissertation is entitled "Educational Management of Principals in Implementing On-Line Learning Policies (Descriptive Studies at SDN in Karawang Regency). The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) Online learning education management implemented by the principal at SDN Karawang Regency; 2) Obstacles faced in the online teaching and learning process at SDN Karawang Regency; 3) How can the national education goals be achieved through online teaching and learning processes at SDN Karawang Regency; 4) The efforts of educators to carry out the online teaching and learning process at SDN Karawang Regency. The method used is a qualitative method to determine the education management process of school principals in implementing online learning policies. The results of this study are: 1) the education management of school principals in implementing online learning policies refers to Permendikbud No. 24 / 2014 concerning Distance Education, Permendikbud No.109 / 2013 concerning PJJ, Permendikbud No. 119 / 2014, Permenristekdikti No. 50 / 2015 concerning PJJ and E-Learning, Circular Letter No. 15 / 2020 concerning Guidelines for Organizing Learning from Home in an Emergency Period The spread of Corona Virus Disease (Covid 19), both in planning, implementing, organizing and evaluating. However, in its implementation there are still difficulties considering the uncertainty of when the Covid 19 disaster will end and the lack of experience of human resources for teachers and students in the online learning process that is in accordance with the standards of the education process; 2) Obstacles faced include, among other things, students only play and do not study seriously, students are still difficult to learn independently, lack of interaction that can motivate students in learning, the presence of teachers infected with Covid 19 has an impact on the concerns of parents of students being infected. their sons and daughters, teachers do not all understand using online platforms that can support online learning activities, teachers only use conventional methods, namely by giving assignments to students, there is no internet quota, students do not have gadgets (mobile phones), unpreparedness of parents in buying internet quota, parents of students who do not understand the learning materials of students and the ability to master technology, lack of internet signal or weak internet signal; 3) The goal of national education through online teaching and learning at SDN Karawang Regency based on government policies has not been fully achieved; 4) Efforts made by educators at SDN in Karawang Regency in the online learning process still make students the object of an Education project.</em></p> 2022-09-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Educational Research & Social Sciences